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  Quotations - Persist  
[Quote No.54295] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about persistence past failure, criticism and poverty to eventually find massive success: Chuck Lorre in 2015 had 4 very successful comedy shows in production: 'Two and a Half Men', 'Big Bang Theory', 'Mike and Molly' and 'Mom'. But all of this came fairly late for him.] I was a struggling musician 'til I was about 35 years old [in 1987]. I remember vividly what it's like to put 38 cents in the gas tank and drive to my second cousin's house, so they would feed me ...I can remember getting a ticket for making an illegal U-turn. It was a $50 ticket, and I broke down and I sobbed because it wiped me out. [He'd had some mild successes as a guitarist and songwriter, including the time he heard an animation shop needed a song. He became co-writer of the eternal 'Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles' theme. Still, Lorre was near 40 before he had comedy success, writing for hit comedy show 'Roseanne' and being a creator and producer of 'Grace Under Fire,' 'Cybill' and 'Dharma & Greg.']" - Chuck Lorre
(1952 - ) Very successful American television writer, director, producer and composer. His full name is Charles Michael Levine. [Refer ]
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[Quote No.54303] Need Area: Mind > Persist

'Dare to Dream'

Believe in yourself and in your dream,
Though impossible things may seem.
Someday, somehow you'll get through
To the goal you have in view.

Mountains fall and seas divide
Before the one who in his stride,
Takes a hard road day by day,
Sweeping obstacles away.

Believe in yourself and in your plan,
Say not - I cannot - but, I can.
The prizes of life we fail to win
Because we doubt the prizes within.

" - Unknown

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[Quote No.54305] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A story - with a message about the desire required to ensure success:-] 'The Secret Of Success' There was once a boy who wanted the secret of success. One day he approached a wise man living up in the mountains. When he found the wise man at his hut, he asked, ‘Wise man, can you tell me the secret to becoming successful in life?’ After a moment of silence, the wise man beckoned him and led the young lad to a nearby river. They kept walking into the river until the boy had to struggle to keep his head above the water. To his astonishment, the wise man did not help him. Instead, the wise man held the boy’s head underwater. After a few minutes with the boy struggling more and more, the wise man pulled the boy out of the water and, as the boy tried to catch his breath, sitting on the river-bank the wise man asked the young boy what he desired most when his head was submerged in the water. To this the young boy quickly responded, ‘Of course, I wanted to breathe, you old fool!’ To which the wise man replied, ‘Son, the true secret of success is to desire success as much as you just wanted to breathe, then you will overcome the extraordinary obstacles all successes must overcome. Success is a matter of choice. If we have enough strong reasons, there is nothing that you or anyone cannot do. Once we have the reasons to do something, we will surely find a way to do it and act despite the obstacles and failures. A mere wish will not have the power. Only a burning desire, turned into an obsession will generate the energy to do that. But beware you do not violate morality - do not defraud or force anyone - or by disregarding others' right to free, informed choice you will only bring on your own eventual destruction.' " - Unknown

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[Quote No.54311] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about the value of persistence, leadership and setting a good example:] 'How to change the world' The ninth week of SEAL training is referred to as Hell Week. It is six days of no sleep, constant physical and mental harassment and one special day at the Mud Flats. The Mud Flats are an area between San Diego and Tijuana where the water runs off and creates the Tijuana slues — a swampy patch of terrain where the mud will engulf you. It is on Wednesday of Hell Week that you paddle down to the mud flats and spend the next 15 hours trying to survive the freezing-cold mud, the howling wind and the incessant pressure from the instructors to quit. As the sun began to set that Wednesday evening, my training class, having committed some ‘egregious infraction of the rules’ was ordered into the mud. The mud consumed each man till there was nothing visible but our heads. The instructors told us we could leave the mud if only five men would quit—just five men and we could get out of the oppressive cold. Looking around the mud flat, it was apparent that some students were about to give up. It was still over eight hours till the sun came up—eight more hours of bone-chilling cold. The chattering teeth and shivering moans of the trainees were so loud it was hard to hear anything. And then, one voice began to echo through the night—one voice raised in song. The song was terribly out of tune, but sung with great enthusiasm. One voice became two, and two became three, and before long everyone in the class was singing. We knew that if one man could rise above the misery then others could as well. The instructors threatened us with more time in the mud if we kept up the singing — but the singing persisted. And somehow, the mud seemed a little warmer, the wind a little tamer and the dawn not so far away. If I have learned anything in my time traveling the world, it is the power of hope. The power of one person — Washington, Lincoln, King, Mandela and even a young girl from Pakistan named Malala — can change the world by giving people hope. So, if you want to change the world, start singing when you're up to your neck in mud." - Admiral William H. McRaven
Ninth commander of U.S. Special Operations Command, at the commencement address, University of Texas at Austin on 17 May 2014.
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[Quote No.54315] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A story - with a message about the importance of taking regular breaks and occasional vacations:-] 'The Two Lumberjacks' It was the annual lumberjack competition and the final was between an older, experienced lumberjack and a younger, stronger lumberjack. The rule of the competition was quite simply who could fell the most trees in a day was the winner. The younger lumberjack was full of enthusiasm and went off into the wood and set to work straight away. He worked all through the day and all through the night. As he worked, he could hear the older lumberjack working in another part of the forest and he felt more and more confident with every tree he felled that he would win. At regular intervals throughout the day, the noise of trees being felled coming from the other part of the forest would stop. The younger lumberjack took heart from this, knowing that this meant the older lumberjack was taking a rest, whereas he could use his superior youth and strength and stamina to keep going. At the end of the competition, the younger lumberjack felt confident he had won. He looked in front of him at the piles of felled trees that were the result of his superhuman effort. At the medal ceremony, he stood on the podium confident and expecting to be awarded the prize of champion lumberjack. Next to him stood the older lumberjack who looked surprisingly less exhausted than he felt. When the results were read out, he was devastated to hear that the older lumberjack had chopped down significantly more trees than he had. He turned to the older lumber jack and said: ‘How can this be? I heard you take a rest every hour and I worked continuously through the night. What's more, I am stronger and fitter than you old man’. The older lumberjack turned to him and said: ‘Every hour, I took a break to rest and sharpen my saw.’" - Unknown

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[Quote No.54318] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A story - with a message about persistence:] 'Two Frogs in the Milk' This is the story of two frogs. One frog was fat and the other skinny. One day, while searching for food, they inadvertently jumped into a vat of milk. They couldn't get out, as the sides were too slippery, so they were just swimming around. The fat frog said to the skinny frog, ‘Brother frog, there's no use paddling any longer. We're just going to drown, so we might as well give up.’ The skinny frog replied, ‘Hold on brother, keep paddling. Somebody will get us out.’ And they continued paddling for hours. After a while, the fat frog said, ‘Brother frog, there's no use. I'm becoming very tired now. I'm just going to stop paddling and drown. It's Sunday and nobody's working. We're doomed. There's no possible way out of here.’ But the skinny frog said, ‘Keep trying. Keep paddling. Something will happen, keep paddling.’ Another couple of hours passed. The fat frog said, ‘I can't go on any longer. There's no sense in doing it because we're going to drown anyway. What's the use?’ And the fat frog stopped. He gave up. And he drowned in the milk. But the skinny frog kept on paddling. Ten minutes later, the skinny frog felt something solid beneath his feet. He had churned the milk into butter and he hopped out of the vat." - Unknown

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[Quote No.54324] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about persisting even when there seems very little hope: - 'I Must At Least Try' - In June 1985, two British mountaineers Joe Simpson and Simon Yates made the first-ever climb of the West Face of the 21,000 foot snow-covered Siula Grande mountain in Peru. It was an exceptionally tough assault - but nothing compared to what was to come. Early in the descent, Simpson fell and smashed his right knee. Yates could have abandoned him but managed to find a way of lowering him down the mountain in a series of difficult drops blinded by snow and cold. Then Simpson fell into a crevasse and Yates eventually had no choice but to cut the rope, utterly convinced that his friend was now dead. In his subsequent book on the climb entitled ‘Touching The Void’, Joe Simpson wrote:] As I gazed at the distant moraines, I knew that I must at least try. I would probably die out there amid those boulders. The thought didn't alarm me. It seemed reasonable, matter-of-fact. That was how it was. I could aim for something. If I died, well, that wasn't so surprising, but I wouldn't have just waited for it to happen. The horror of dying no longer affected me as it had in the crevasse. I now had the chance to confront it and struggle against it. It wasn't a bleak dark terror any more, just fact, like my broken leg and frostbitten fingers, and I couldn't be afraid of things like that. My leg would hurt when I fell and when I couldn't get up I would die. [The survival of Yates himself was extraordinary. That Simpson somehow found a way of climbing out of the crevasse after 12 hours and then literally crawled and dragged himself six miles back to camp, going three days and nights without food or drink, losing three stone, and contracting ketoacidosis in the process, would be the stuff of heroic fiction if it was not so true. Indeed, six operations and two years later, he was even back climbing. All because, against all the odds, he tried ...]" - Joe Simpson
British mountaineer and author. From his book, ‘Touching The Void’.
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[Quote No.54328] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about persisting regardless of physical disabilities - for example being born without limbs - or any other difficulties:] - If I fail, I try again, and again, and again. If YOU fail, are you going to try again? The human spirit can handle much worse than we realize. It matters HOW you are going to FINISH. Are you going to finish strong? ...Defeat happens only to those who refuse to try again." - Nick Vujicic
Nick was born without arms or legs, but has become an inspiring author and speaker. Some of his book titles include, 'Stand Strong', 'No Arms, No Legs, No Worries', and 'Life Without Limits'. [Refer ]
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[Quote No.54345] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A story - with a message about persisting past uninformed, unhelpful criticism and comments:] - 'The Frogs and The Tower' - There once was a bunch of tiny frogs... ... who arranged a running competition. The goal was to reach the top of a very high tower. A big crowd had gathered around the tower to see the race and cheer on the contestants... The race began... Honestly, no-one in the crowd really believed that the tiny frogs would reach the top of the tower. You heard statements such as: ‘Oh, WAY too difficult!!’ ‘They will NEVER make it to the top’. ‘Not a chance that they will succeed. The tower is too high!’ The tiny frogs began collapsing. One by one... ... Except for those who in a fresh tempo were climbing higher and higher... The crowd continued to yell ‘It is too difficult!!! No one will make it!’ More tiny frogs got tired and gave up... ...But ONE continued higher and higher and higher... This one wouldn't give up! At the end, everyone else had given up climbing the tower. Except for the one tiny frog who, after a big effort, was the only one who reached the top! THEN all of the other tiny frogs naturally wanted to know how this one frog managed to do it? A contestant asked the tiny frog how the one who succeeded had found the strength to reach the goal? It turned out... That the winner was deaf." - Unknown

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[Quote No.54350] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Failure is the key to success; each failure teaches us something [we can use to be better or quicker next time]." - Morihei Uesheba

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[Quote No.54355] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about persisting past failure to win eventual success:] 'Robert the Bruce (and the Spider)' - Hundreds of years ago there was a king of Scotland and his name was Robert the Bruce. It was a good thing that he was both brave and wise, because the times in which he lived were wild and dangerous. The King of England was at war with him, and had led a great army into Scotland to drive him out of the land and to make Scotland a part of England. Battle after battle he had fought with England. Six times Robert the Bruce had led his brave little army against his foes. Six times his men had been beaten, until finally they were driven into flight. At last the army of Scotland was entirely scattered, and the king was forced to hide in the woods and in lonely places among the mountains. One rainy day, Robert the Bruce lay in a cave, listening to the rainfall outside the cave entrance. He was tired and felt sick at heart, ready to give up all hope. It seemed to him that there was no use for him to try to do anything more. As he lay thinking, he noticed a spider over his head, getting ready to weave her web. He watched her as she worked slowly and with great care. Six times she tried to throw her thread from one edge of the cave wall to another. Six times her thread fell short. 'Poor thing!' said Robert the Bruce. 'You, too, know what it's like to fail six times in a row.' But the spider did not lose hope. With still more care, she made ready to try for a seventh time. Robert the Bruce almost forgot his own troubles as he watched, fascinated. She swung herself out upon the slender line. Would she fail again? No! The thread was carried safely to the cave wall, and fastened there. 'Yes!' cried Bruce, 'I, too, will try a seventh time!' So he arose and called his men together. He told them of his plans, and sent them out with hopeful messages to cheer the discouraged people. Soon there was an army of brave men around him. A seventh battle was fought, and this time the King of England was forced to retreat back to his own country. It wasn't long before England recognized Scotland as an independent country with Robert the Bruce as its rightful king. And to this very day, the victory and independence of Scotland is traced to a spider who kept trying again and again to spin her web in a cave and inspired the king of Scotland, Robert the Bruce. [Robert the Bruce, known as Robert I after becoming king of Scotland, was one of the greatest kings of Scottish history. His achievement in rallying the Scottish nation behind him in resistance to the English is all the more remarkable by his lack of resources at the time of his revolt in 1306. The revolt was defeated, Bruce's lands were confiscated and he became a fugitive. The story of his wanderings is very much embroidered with traditions and legends: the best known is the tale of his watching the spider while he was in hiding on Rathlin Island (now in Northern Ireland), and drawing inspiration from the perseverance of the spider in spinning her web. Gradually he recruited followers again, and in 1314 won at Bannockburn the greatest victory that Scotland had ever won or was to win over England. Fourteen years later Bruce secured a treaty with England recognizing the independence of Scotland and his right to the throne.]" - James Baldwin
Source: 'Bruce and the Spider,' from 'Favorite Tales of Long Ago', retold by James Baldwin (E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc.: New York, 1955), pp. 18-20. Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number: 55-6511. Adapted by Elaine Lindy ©1998-2000. All rights reserved.
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[Quote No.54356] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A poem: about persisting past failure to win eventual success: based on the story of 'Robert the Bruce and the Spider' - Robert the Bruce, known as Robert I after becoming king of Scotland, was one of the greatest kings of Scottish history. His achievement in rallying the Scottish nation behind him in resistance to the English is all the more remarkable by his lack of resources at the time of his revolt in 1306. The revolt was defeated, Bruce's lands were confiscated and he became a fugitive. The story of his wanderings is very much embroidered with traditions and legends: the best known is the tale of his watching the spider while he was in hiding on Rathlin Island (now in Northern Ireland), and drawing inspiration from the perseverance of the spider in spinning her web. Gradually he recruited followers again, and in 1314 won at Bannockburn the greatest victory that Scotland had ever won or was to win over England. Fourteen years later Bruce secured a treaty with England recognizing the independence of Scotland and his right to the throne.]

'Robert the Bruce and the Spider'

When Bruce, King of Scotland, was getting the worst
Of the war he was waging with Edward the First;
When most of his friends had been captured or slain,
And the sky of Scotland looked very like rain;

When he spent his days hiding in bushes and trees,
Getting thorns in his fingers and cuts on his knees,
And when nothing could lighten the gloom he was feeling -
He lay in a cave and looked at the ceiling.

He stared at the ceiling with thoughts that were black,
Till a spidery spider came out of a crack,
A spidery spider all bulging with thread,
Which she started to spin on the beam overhead.

She spun the web once, but the spider-thread broke;
She spun the thread twice - Bruce's interest awoke;
She spun the web three times with pluck unavailing;
She spun the thread four times but still went on failing.

She spun the web five times - 'My goodness!' cried Bruce,
'Yon spidery spider must see it's no use!
O Spidery, spider, it's plan as a pike
We two are as like as two peas are alike!'

She spun the web six times - 'How now!' cried the Scot,
'Don't you know when you're beaten?' The spider did not.
But calmly proceeded, as patient as ever,
To start on an obstinate seventh endeavor.

She hung and she swung and she swayed in the air,
While Bruce for the Spider could not help but stare -
Then he whooped with delight and he sprang to his feet,
For from one beam to another the web hung complete!

With hope he was filled and with courage he burned.
'O spider!' he said, 'What a lesson I've learned!
Dear Scotland! Of English invaders I'll rid it!'
Then Bruce sallied forth and at Bannockburn did it.

" - Unknown
From 'To Read and to Tell', edited by Norah Montgomery (Arco Publishing Co., Inc. New York, 1964).
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[Quote No.54360] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A story - with a message about the importance of taking breaks and vacations to relax and recreate:] 'Relaxation!' - They say that Saint John the Apostle liked to play with his pet sparrow from time to time. One day a hunter came to visit him and was surprised to see such a famous man playing. He surely could and should be making better use of his time. So he asked him, ‘Why do you waste your time playing? Why devote so much attention to something as useless as a sparrow?’ Saint John looked at him in surprise and asked: ‘Why is the string on your bow not tight?’ ‘Oh, you can't keep it tight all the time,’ the hunter explained, ‘otherwise it loses its tension and becomes useless for shooting arrows.’ So Saint John told him in return: ‘My friend, just as you always release the tension on your bowstring, so you must release the tension inside of you and relax. If I don't relax and just play, I have no strength for any great undertaking. I don't even have the strength to do what I have to and what is necessary.’" - Unknown

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[Quote No.54377] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"It is the struggle itself that is most important! We must strive to be more than we are. It does not matter that we will not reach our ultimate goal. The effort itself yields its own reward." - Gene Roddenberry

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[Quote No.54397] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[Poem: about persistence and winning every time you chose not to quit:]

‘The Race’

‘QUIT! GIVE UP! YOU’RE BEATEN!’ They shout and plead,
There’s just too much against you now, this time you can’t succeed.
And as I start to hang my head in front of failure’s face,
My downward fall is broken by the memory of a race.

And hope refills my weakened will as I recall that scene.
For just the thought of that short race rejuvenates my being.
A children’s race, young boys, young men; now I remember well.
Excitement, sure, but also fear; it wasn’t hard to tell.

They all lined up so full of hope. Each thought to win that race.
Or tie for first, or if not that, at least take second place.
And fathers watched from off the side, each cheering for his son.
And each boy hoped to show his dad that he would be the one.

The whistle blew and off they went, young hearts and hopes of fire.
To win, to be the hero there, was each young boy’s desire.
And one boy in particular, his dad was in the crowd,
Was running near the lead and thought, ‘My dad will be so proud.’

But as he speeded down the field across a shallow dip,
The little boy who thought to win, lost his step and slipped.
Trying hard to catch himself, his hands flew out to brace,
And mid the laughter of the crowd, he fell flat on his face.

So down he fell and with him hope. He couldn’t win it now.
Embarrassed, sad, he only wished to disappear somehow.
But as he fell, his dad stood up and showed his anxious face,
Which to the boy so clearly said, ‘Get up and win that race!’

He quickly rose, no damage done – behind a bit, that’s all,
And ran with all his mind and might to make up for his fall.
So anxious to restore himself to catch up and to win,
His mind went faster than his legs. He slipped and fell again.

He wished that he had quite before with only one disgrace.
I’m hopeless as a runner now, I shouldn’t try to race.
But, in the laughing crowd he searched and found his father’s face
That steady look that said again, ‘Get up and win the race.’

So, he jumped up to try again. Ten yards behind the last.
If I’m to gain those yards, he thought, I’ve got to run real fast.
Exceeding everything he had, he regained eight or ten,
But trying so hard to catch the lead, he slipped and fell again.

Defeat! He lay there silently, a tear dropped from his eye.
There’s no sense running anymore – three strikes and I’m out – why try?
The will to rise had disappeared, all hope had flew away.
So far behind, so error prone, closer all the way.

I’ve lost, so what’s the use, he thought, I’ll live with my disgrace.
But then he thought about his dad, who soon he’d have to face.
‘Get up,’ an echo sounded low. ‘Get up and take your place.
You were not meant for failure here, get up and win the race.’

With borrowed will, ‘Get up,’ it said, ‘You haven’t lost at all,
For winning is not more than this, to rise each time you fall.’
So up he rose to win once more. And with a new commit,
He resolved that win or lose, at least he wouldn’t quit.

So far behind the others now, the most he’d ever been.
Still he gave it all he had and ran as though to win.
Three times he’d fallen stumbling, three times he’d rose again.
Too far behind to hope to win, he still ran to the end.

They cheered the winning runner as he crossed first place.
Head high and proud and happy; no falling, no disgrace.
But when the fallen youngster crossed the line, last place,
The crowd gave him the greater cheer for finishing the race.

And even though he came in last, with head bowed low, unproud;
You would have thought he’d won the race, to listen to the crowd.
And to his Dad he sadly said, ‘I didn’t do so well.’
‘To me you won,’ his father said, ‘You rose each time you fell.’

And when things seemed dark and hard and difficult to face,
The memory of that little boy – helps me in my race.
For all of life is like that race, with ups and down and all,
And all you have to do to win – is rise each time you fall.
‘Quit!’ ‘GIVE UP, YOU’RE BEATEN.’ They still shout in my face.
But another voice within me says, ‘GET UP AND WIN THE RACE!’

" - Dee Groberg
Dr. D. H. 'Dee' Groberg. [Refer ]
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[Quote No.54398] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about persisting past difficulties, including health and wealth challenges, to find career success and go from 'rags-to-riches':] - Joni Mitchell - At the age of eight, Joni Mitchell, the Canadian singer-songwriter who was born November 7, 1943, contracted polio during the last major North American epidemic of the disease before the invention of the polio vaccine. Bedridden for weeks, with a prognosis of never being able to walk again, she found hope in singing during that harrowing time at the hospital a hundred miles from her home. And yet she did walk again – an extraordinary walk of life that overcame polio, and overcame poverty, and pernicious critics to make Mitchell one of the most original and influential musicians in modern history, the recipient of eight Grammy Awards, including one for Lifetime Achievement." - Unknown

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[Quote No.54400] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about persisting past difficulties, including health and wealth challenges, to find career success and go from 'rags-to-riches':-] - Johnny Cash - Johnny Cash, the American country singer, was born in Arkansas in 1932 during the American depression. Rural living was hard and the Cash family was dirt poor. His father rode the rails traveling the length and breath of the country by train in search of work. Johnny started working in the cotton fields at age five, singing along with his family while working. From the age of twelve he began playing and writing songs. Throughout his career he suffered from periods of severe drug addictions and was suicidal at least on one occasion. Despite this his work ethic was legendary and his contribution to music immense." - Unknown

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[Quote No.54407] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about enjoying the process and the journey of pursuing their dreams, so that they persisted despite years and years of effort, failure, criticism and disappointments, to eventually achieve success:] Jean-Francois Champollion was a persistent and imaginative man. When he saw the Rosetta Stone he [started a more than twenty year intensive effort that finally] pieced together an ancient mystery that had eluded scholars for the past nineteen hundred years [namely how to read Egyptian hieroglyphs]. The Rosetta Stone was discovered in 1799 by a group of Napoleon’s soldiers near the town of Rosetta (not far from Alexandria). The broken stone was dubbed The Rosetta Stone and became the key to unlocking the ancient Egyptian language. The stone is divided into three distinct sections with three distinct inscriptions. All three inscriptions have the same message but all three are in a different language. The top section is written in Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle is written in a script called Coptic Greek (or demotic script), and the lower portion is written in ancient Greek. Jean-Francois Champollion translated from the Greek to the Coptic and then to the Egyptian [allowing future scholars to unlock and read the lost language of the Egyptian pharaohs]." - Peter Tompkins
Quote from his book, 'Secrets of the Great Pyramid'. [Refer also ]
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[Quote No.54408] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about enjoying the process and the journey of pursuing their dreams, so that they persisted despite years and years of effort, failure, criticism and disappointments, to eventually achieve success:] - 'The Longest-Standing Math Problem' - Ever had a puzzle that looked easy but tortured you incessantly until you found a solution? Would you work on it obsessively for seven years in isolation? Andrew Wiles did just that to prove Fermat's Last Theorem. Pierre de Fermat, a famous number theorist of the 17th century, rarely published his work – instead, he would often write comments in the margins of books. In one margin Fermat proposed that xn + yn = zn has no non-zero integer solutions for x, y and z when n > 2. However, rather than providing a proof, he only offered this taunting sentence: ‘I have discovered a truly remarkable proof which this margin is too small to contain.’ The proof for this simple conjecture was not solved for over 350 years and through the centuries became one of math's greatest puzzles. Fermat's Last Theorem has entranced so many mathematicians due to its duality between simplicity and difficulty. It is easy to understand yet almost impossible to prove or disprove. That Fermat claimed to have a proof made it all the more intriguing. Mathematicians made some progress over the centuries in proving the correctness of the theorem for certain values of n – but this was hardly enough to prove that the theorem was correct for all values of n. Then came along Andrew Wiles. As a child Wiles loved doing math problems. When he was ten he came across Fermat's Last Theorem which was, at the time, unsolved for 300 years. ‘It looked so simple, and yet all the great mathematicians in history couldn't solve it,’ said Wiles. ‘I had to solve it.’ Wiles quickly became obsessed with solving the problem. Throughout his teenage and college years he worked on it, using his own methods and that of the mathematicians who had worked on it before him. However, when he became a research student he decided to put the problem aside. Wiles realized that current techniques could not solve the problem and that one could spend years without making any progress. Also, a proof of Fermat's Last Theorem would be completely useless to mathematics – it would not lead to anything useful for mathematicians. Instead, he went on to study elliptical curves at Cambridge. His study of elliptical curves would prove useful, for in 1986 a new possibility was presented to Wiles. Ken Ribet linked Fermat's Last Theorem to another unsolved problem, the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture, which happened to be about elliptical curves. If one conjecture was true, both were – thus, if Wiles could prove the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture, he could prove Fermat's Last Theorem as well. From that moment on he was determined to solve the riddle. He dropped all other projects he was working on and concentrated on the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture – in secrecy and isolation. ‘I realized that anything to do with Fermat's Last Theorem generates too much interest. You can't really focus yourself for years unless you have undivided concentration, which too many spectators would have destroyed.’ His wife did not even know that he was working on the problem until he told her during their honeymoon. Wiles worked on the problem alone for seven years. He devoted all of his time to working on the proof, the only exception being spending time with his family. He had a few breakthroughs but not a complete proof until one day in spring of 1993 in which he had the idea of examining the elliptical curves from the prime five instead of the prime three. Working feverishly (and forgetting to eat lunch), Wiles went to his wife that afternoon saying he had the proof. Wiles introduced the proof in a series of three lectures which made no mention of Fermat's Last Theorem, but rather of elliptical curves. However, the audience realized by the end of the third lecture what Wiles was leading them towards. Once Wiles had finished his proof of the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture, he put Fermat's Last Theorem on the board then concluded saying, ‘I think I'll stop there.’ Wiles gained instant fame for having developed a solution to Fermat's Last Theorem. However, soon Nick Katz discovered that there was an error in a key section of his original proof. This setback proved difficult for Wiles to overcome, and none of the methods he tried could solve the error. He was about to give up when he re-examined his original (though discarded) method and found that there was actually a way to use it to resolve his mistake. ‘It was so indescribably beautiful,’ said Wiles about the moment he solved the problem. ‘It was so simple and so elegant, and I just stared in disbelief for twenty minutes.’ Thus, in 1994 the final proof of Fermat's Last Theorem was complete, weighing it at 200 pages, more complex than most people can understand. The full riddle, however, is still not completely solved, for it remains unknown whether Fermat ever really had a brilliant proof to his conjecture. Fermat could not have thought of Wiles' proof – Wiles says that, ‘the techniques used in this proof just weren't around in Fermat's time.’ With the many mathematicians who had thought they'd solved it in the past, it is possible that Fermat deluded himself as well – but a simpler solution may still exist. Wiles, however, is content with his difficult proof - ‘I had this very rare privilege of being able to pursue in my adult life what had been my childhood dream.’" - Daniel Lew
Published on 06 December 2005. [ ]
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[Quote No.54409] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about enjoying the process and the journey of pursuing their dreams, so that they persisted despite years and years of effort, failure, criticism and disappointments, to eventually achieve success: 'The Incredible Panama Canal' - In 1914] a small ship set sail on a short voyage that changed the face of ocean-going navigation forever. The SS Ancon made the 50-mile journey in a lengthy 10 hours, but it represented a 7,800-mile saving on the alternate route from the Atlantic to the Pacific, a treacherous 30-day voyage. It also signified the culmination of 34 years of work, tens of thousands of deaths, the birth of a nation and the confirmation of a new world superpower. Today, the Panama Canal is every bit as awe-inspiring as it was at its official inauguration in August 1914, and it remains a major attraction more than 100 years after president Teddy Roosevelt was among the first tourists here. Teddy was a shrewd, far-sighted politician and his insistence on building an alternative to the long passage around Cape Horn was the equivalent of John F Kennedy’s 1960s challenge to put a man on the Moon. After failed French efforts in 1880-1903, the US took over the project. It still took another 11 years to complete, but the finished work was fundamental to creating the Republic of Panama – originally a province of Colombia – and in marking out the US as the world’s most formidable force in maritime affairs. No one knows exactly how many died in the course of the canal’s construction. The tragic and badly governed French expedition recorded at least 22,000 who perished – mainly to disease but also treacherous working conditions that included earthquakes, mudslides and equipment failure. The American dig accounted for another 5,609 deaths, in the process solving the 19th-century mysteries of how yellow fever and malaria were spread. ...

(According to wikipedia: When the canal opened, it was a technological marvel. It was an important strategic and economic asset to the U.S., and revolutionized world shipping patterns, as its opening removed the need for ships to travel the long and dangerous route via the Drake Passage and Cape Horn (at the southernmost tip of South America). The canal saves a total of about 7,800 miles (12,600 km) on a trip from New York to San Francisco by sea. The anticipated military significance of the canal was proven in World War II, when the United States used it to help restore their devastated Pacific Fleet. Some of the largest ships the United States had to send through the canal were aircraft carriers, in particular the Essex class. These were so large that, although the locks could hold them, the lamp-posts alongside the canal had to be removed. The Panama Canal cost the United States around $375,000,000, including the $10,000,000 paid to Panama and the $40,000,000 paid to the French company. It was the single most expensive construction project in United States history to that time; remarkably, however, it was actually some $23,000,000 below the 1907 estimate, in spite of landslides and an increase in the canal's width. An additional $12,000,000 was spent on fortifications. More than 75,000 men and women worked on the project in total; at the height of construction, there were 40,000 workers working on it. According to hospital records, 5,609 workers died from disease and accidents during the American construction era. A total of 182,610,550 m3 (238,845,582 cu yd) of material was excavated in the American effort, including the approach channels at both ends of the canal. Adding the work inherited from the French, the total excavation required by the canal was around 204,900,000 m3 (268,000,000 cu yd). This is over 25 times the volume excavated in the Channel Tunnel project. Of the three presidents whose periods in office span the construction period, the name of President Roosevelt is often the one most associated with the canal, and Woodrow Wilson was the president who presided over its opening. However, it may have been William Howard Taft who gave the greatest personal impetus to the canal over the longest period. Taft visited Panama five times as Roosevelt's Secretary of War, and twice as President. He also hired John Stevens, and later recommended Goethals as his replacement. Taft became president in 1909, when canal construction was only at the halfway mark, and remained in office for most of the remainder of the work. However, Major George Washington Goethals the chief engineer, who supervised the engineer Colonel David du Bose Gaillard who was in charge of the most difficult areas, later wrote that 'the real builder of the Panama Canal was Theodore Roosevelt'. The following words of Theodore Roosevelt are displayed in the Rotunda of the Administration Building: 'It is not the critic who counts, not the man who points out how the strong man stumbled, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena; whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly, who errs and comes short again and again; who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions, and spends himself in a worthy cause; who, at the best, knows in the end the triumph of high achievement; and who, at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who know neither victory nor defeat.' Colonel David du Bose Gaillard, the U.S. Army engineer in charge of the most difficult sections of the canal build, succeeded in his mission, but did not live to see the job finished. He returned to the US suffering from what was thought to be nervous exhaustion brought on by overwork and died of a brain tumor on December 5, 1913 at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, months before the canal's completion. He was 54 years old. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. The Panama Canal opened nine months after his death. During the years of the US Canal Zone (circa 1915–2000), the Culebra Cut in the Panama Canal bore his name in his memory. A plaque commemorating his work stood over the cut for many years; in 1998 it was moved to the Administration Building in Balboa, close to the Goethals Memorial.)" - Simon Veness (and
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[Quote No.54410] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about enjoying the process and the journey of pursuing their dreams, so that they persisted despite years and years of effort, failure, criticism and disappointments, to eventually achieve success:] Denis Diderot (1713 - 1784) In 1745 André Le Breton, a publisher, asked Diderot to assist in translating the English Cyclopedia of Ephraim Chambers into French. Diderot agreed to work as a co-editor on the project along with the mathematician, Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, who was a member of the Academy of Sciences. [He continued working on this project for 27 years from 1745 when he was 32 years old until 1772 when he was 59 years old, dying when he was 71.] Diderot soon changed the nature of the publication by broadening its scope. The goal of the Encyclopédie was to outline the present state of knowledge about the sciences, arts, and crafts, and to make the knowledge possessed by the few accessible to the many. Each subject was assigned to be written by the person or persons best acquainted with it, and was to be handled with as near an approach to freedom as the censors would permit. It was revolutionary in that it was the first encyclopedia to bring together the great minds of the time. Also among the contributors were many craftsmen who provided the details for technical articles about trades and industries. Most of the 71, 818 articles in the Encyclopédie were written by Diderot and d'Alembert. Other contributors included Rousseau, Voltaire, Montesquieu, Baron d'Holbach, Necker, Turgot, Buffon and other known writers of the day. Jean d'Alembert, wrote the introduction to the Encyclopédie, and contributed the articles on mathematics and the sciences. He used his position in society and the world of letters to obtain the moral and financial support of the leading salons and the cooperation of the best scholars and philosophes. Diderot worked tirelessly on the hundreds of articles that explained how products were made in the trades and industries. He went to workshops, bazaars, shops, vineyards, farms, and factories to gather information from people who actually worked in the many occupations that were illustrated in the publication. There were originally 17 volumes of text and 11 volumes of plates with one or two new volumes being printed each year between 1751 and 1772. The great Encyclopédie was the most ambitious publishing enterprise of the century. It promoted the new view of scientific empiricism -- the concept that one should rely on observation and experiment, especially in the natural sciences. Voltaire contributed anonymous articles to the encyclopedia and was one of the greatest supporters of this ambitious project. Leaders of the Church in France viewed the Encyclopédie as a threat to their authority and the authority of the king. The first seven volumes of the first edition of the Encyclopédie were published in Paris under a royal privilege. After this was withdrawn in 1759, printing continued clandestinely, and the last ten volumes of the first edition were printed in Paris, but issued under the false imprint of Samuel Faulche, Neuchâtel. Unlike the text, the accompanying eleven volumes of plates were not considered subversive and were all published in Paris. Only about 4,000 copies were made." - Unknown
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[Quote No.54411] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[Poem: about persistence especially when things are going wrong:]

'Carry On'

It's easy to fight when everything's right,
And you're mad with the thrill and the glory;
It's easy to cheer when victory's near,
And wallow in fields that are gory.
It's a different song when everything's wrong,
When you're feeling infernally mortal;
When it's ten against one, and hope there is none,
Buck up, little soldier, and chortle:

Carry on! Carry on!
There isn't much punch in your blow.
You're glaring and staring and hitting out blind;
You're muddy and bloody, but never you mind.
Carry on! Carry on!
You haven't the ghost of a show.
It's looking like death, but while you've a breath,
Carry on, my son! Carry on!

And so in the strife of the battle of life
It's easy to fight when you're winning;
It's easy to slave, and starve and be brave,
When the dawn of success is beginning.
But the man who can meet despair and defeat
With a cheer, there's the man of God's choosing;
The man who can fight to Heaven's own height
Is the man who can fight when he's losing.

Carry on! Carry on!
Things never were looming so black.
But show that you haven't a cowardly streak,
And though you're unlucky you never are weak.
Carry on! Carry on!
Brace up for another attack.
It's looking like hell, but -- you never can tell:
Carry on, old man! Carry on!

There are some who drift out in the deserts of doubt,
And some who in brutishness wallow;
There are others, I know, who in piety go
Because of a Heaven to follow.
But to labour with zest, and to give of your best,
For the sweetness and joy of the giving;
To help folks along with a hand and a song;
Why, there's the real sunshine of living.

Carry on! Carry on!
Fight the good fight and true;
Believe in your mission, greet life with a cheer;
There's big work to do, and that's why you are here.
Carry on! Carry on!
Let the world be the better for you;
And at last when you die, let this be your cry:
Carry on, my soul! Carry on!

" - Robert William Service

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[Quote No.54412] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Progress is made by trial and failure; the failures are generally a hundred times more numerous than the successes; yet they are usually left unchronicled." - William Ramsay
(1852 - 1916) Chemist
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[Quote No.54417] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about enjoying the process and the journey of pursuing their dreams, so that they persisted despite years and years of effort, failure, criticism and disappointments, to eventually achieve success. The following example is particularly powerful as this woman scientist used her own money to fund much of the research, deliberately chose not to patent the research and so get rich at the expense of others and even gave her life as a result of damage done by the research.] Marie Curie's (1867-1934) amazing persistence in the face of many research obstacles is enough to commend her to historical fame. Her contribution to the field of medicine is overshadowed by her initial discovery of two radioactive elements, polonium and radium. She used these discoveries to help develop therapies for disease. Curie was born Marie Sklodowska in Warsaw, Poland, in 1867. Her mother was principal of a local girls' school, and her father was a physics teacher. Curie excelled at school and was encouraged in her studies by her parents. Unfortunately, Poland was under Russian rule, and Russian authorities did not want educated Poles to become politically active and possibly lead a rebellion. As a result, Curie was not allowed to go to college in Poland. After working for several years, she left Poland for France, where she enrolled at the Sorbonne in 1891. Her meager savings barely covered tuition and rent for her one-room apartment, and she often went for long periods without food and once fainted from hunger during class. Her enthusiasm for learning did not waver, however, and in 1893 she received a degree in physics, graduating first in her class. While pursuing a second degree, she met Pierre Curie, who had made a name for himself by discovering piezoelectricity a few years earlier. The couple was married on July 26, 1895. Soon after the marriage, Pierre earned his doctorate. Marie was still working toward her dissertation, but had not chosen a topic. French physicist Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908; first scientist to experiment with radioactivity) had just discovered that uranium salts emitted (gave off) energy. At his suggestion, Marie set out to find other substances that emitted such rays. It was known that the ore pitchblende possessed properties similar to those of uranium, so the Curies chose this ore as the starting point for their research. - Research Leads to Results: Within the pitchblende the Curies detected the presence of a substance that was much more radioactive (a word Marie Curie had coined, or made up) than even pure uranium. They extracted (pulled out) this new element in 1898 and named it polonium, after Marie Curie's homeland of Poland. Although the polonium discovery was quite significant, the Curies were not satisfied. They could tell from their tests that another element, thousands of times more radioactive than uranium, existed in the pitchblende, but in such small amounts as to be nearly undetectable. Another French chemist confirmed the presence of this element - which the Curies had named radium—by examining pitchblende's spectral (wide band) lines. This did not convince many scientists, nor did it satisfy the Curies, who were determined to prove the existence of radium by extracting a measurable amount. This would be no small task, since several tons of pitchblende would have to be refined in order to produce even a gram of radium. Pierre Curie abandoned his teaching position in order to assist his wife's research. Though Marie Curie was the engine and mastermind of the project, she and her husband worked as a team. In fact, all of the notes in her dissertation refer to the experimenters as 'we' - neither she nor her husband are mentioned individually. The Curies spent the bulk of their life savings to purchase waste ore from Czechoslovakian mines. They rented a leaky wooden shed in which they could refine the raw ore, and for the next four years they refined and purified the pitchblende, producing smaller and smaller samples that were more and more radioactive. The exhausting process, ordinarily performed by a team of several mine workers, took a physical toll upon the couple. This work, along with the birth of their daughter Irene, was nearly too much for the couple. Only Marie's intense determination kept things going. By 1902 the Curies had extracted one-tenth of a gram of radium, enough for Marie to finish her dissertation. The Curies and Becquerel shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics for their contributions to the new science of radioactivity. Pierre Curie was also offered a professorial position in the Sorbonne's research laboratory, an offer that included his wife coming along as his lab superintendent. In 1906, however, tragedy struck when Pierre Curie was crushed to death in a traffic accident. Marie took over his position and continued his lectures at the exact point at which they were interrupted. She was the first woman to teach at the Sorbonne. - Working Alone: In the years after her husband's death, Curie conducted extensive work at the new Paris Institute of Radium. In spite of its mysterious properties, radium was used as a medicinal aid. Though it was often used without thought to its dangers or effectiveness, Curie proved that there were certain illnesses for which radium was effective. It played an important role in the treatment of cancer, and is still used for this purpose today. Curie also introduced the use of radium and X-ray technology in medicine. For the discovery of radium and polonium, Curie was awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in chemistry, becoming the only person to hold two Nobel laureates in the sciences. Except for World War I (1914-1918), during which she drove an ambulance, Curie spent the remainder of her life studying radium therapy. Though the process was successful, she received no royalties from its use, since she and her husband had chosen not to make money from their discovery by patenting (registering) it. Late in Curie's life, the dangerous nature of radioactivity took a personal toll. Curie's long years of exposure to radium resulted in leukemia (a disease that effects blood-forming organs), which lead to her death in 1934. Today, Curie is historically remembered as an outstanding female scientist, as well as one of the world's greatest researchers." - Unknown
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[Quote No.54419] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about the importance of repeating the process of learning from each 'failure' and then persisting along that journey with that new knowledge or skill till successful:] In 1879 Thomas Edison had a major breakthrough in the development of the electric light bulb. That breakthrough came about because of his tenacity and his belief that his scores of failed experiments were not failures, but stepping stones leading to success. Edison didn’t invent electric lights; they already existed, but they were too bright to be used inside the home, so people used gaslights instead. These weren’t optimal, because they flickered, and their open flames could be hazardous. So Edison sat down to combine what he knew about electricity with what he knew about gas lights. He knew he would have to come up with a bulb of some kind, and fixtures, and a way to get the electricity from the outdoor power lines into people’s homes, so he invented all of those things. Surprisingly, the most difficult part of all of this inventing was the tiny little filament inside the light bulb. Edison needed something that would glow when heated with electricity, but wouldn’t burn up quickly. He tested more than 1,600 different materials, including fishing line, coconut fibers, and even beard hair. He had some success with a platinum wire, but platinum was too expensive to use on a large scale, so he tried a carbonized cotton fiber. The bulb produced light for 14 and a half hours, the longest time to date. Eventually, Edison perfected his filament by using bamboo fiber, which lasted for 1,200 hours, and that was the material he used for the next 10 years. When asked how he persisted despite 10,000 failures, Edison reportedly answered; 'I have not failed 10,000 times. I have not failed once. I have succeeded in proving that those 10,000 ways will not work. When I have eliminated the ways that will not work, I will find the way that will work.' " - Unknown
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[Quote No.54420] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"They said I was the fighter who got knocked down the most, but I also got up the most." - Floyd Paterson
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion, 1959.
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[Quote No.54421] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting despite extreme physical challenges and life-threatening dangers and fears to eventually achieve survival success:] - 'Mountaineer, Joe Simpson' - In his book ‘Touching the Void,’ Joe Simpson tells the harrowing story of how he broke his leg while climbing 19,000 feet up a mountain in the Peruvian Andes. Actually he didn’t just break his leg... he shattered it. Like marbles in a sock. His calf bone driven through his knee joint. After this accident, Simon, his climbing partner, in an attempt to get him down to safety, unknowingly lowered him off a cliff and then to save his own life had been forced to cut the tether Joe was on. So Joe was left alone with a shattered leg, and no food, water, or protection against the brutal elements, in a crevasse, with no chance of rescue. The situation looked hopeless but Joe decided to try to get back to base camp on his own. His descent was excruciating. With his shattered leg, he had to climb down a glacier and crawl through rocky fields. The fear of death spurred him on, but the distance to safety was overwhelming. To make the agonizing journey more manageable, Simpson treated it as a series of micro-journeys. He’d focus on a boulder in the distance, then challenge himself to reach it within 20 minutes. Unbelievably he made it back to base camp and lived to tell the inspiring story of his harrowing journey." - Unknown
[Refer Joe Simpson's book, ‘Touching the Void’.]
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[Quote No.54422] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting despite extreme physical challenges and life-threatening dangers and fears to eventually achieve survival success:] - 'I was adrift on a raft in the Atlantic for 76 days' - I love boats and I've spent all my life around them. By my 20s I was designing and building them, one of which was a 6.5m sloop I named Napoleon Solo. When I was 29, I sailed her alone across the Atlantic. I'd been dreaming of doing it since I was 12, and the crossing was exhilarating. On the return journey, the first week was calm, and when a gale started I wasn't too concerned: I knew the boat and I'd been through much worse. Late that night, something – probably a whale or a large shark – smashed into the boat with a deafening bang, creating a hole in the hull. I woke up in my bunk, water thundering over me. Judging by the level it was coming in, I knew she was sinking fast. I felt an odd mixture of sensations: fear, panic, even slight amusement at the fact that there was a camera attached to the back of the boat taking these dramatic shots of the storm, and my sinking boat, that no one would ever see. Then I snapped into autopilot. I started to pack my life-raft but realised that I'd have to dive down into the cabin if I wanted to get essential survival items – water, food, flares, a spear gun and sleeping bag. The boat was almost completely submerged, but I held my breath and went under again and again. I remember the water below seemed so peaceful compared with the sea raging outside. It felt like entering a watery tomb. I clambered, exhausted, on to the inflatable rubber raft and attached it to the end of a rope that was tied to the boat – to me, it still felt like a lifeline. That night, I huddled under the canopy of my 6ft circular raft with waves beating the sides, constantly baling out water with an old tin can. Just before dawn, the rope came free from the boat and I knew I was totally alone. I was now adrift in the middle of the Atlantic, 800 miles west of the Canaries but heading in the opposite direction. All I had was a little food and enough water for a few days. In the coming days, I had a lot of time to think, and I regretted every mistake I'd ever made – I was divorced, and felt I had failed at human relations generally, at business and now even at sailing. I desperately wanted to get through it so I could make a better job of my life. I kept a log, fished with my spear gun and made water with a solar still, a contraption that took me days to get working properly, producing just over a pint a day. Around day 14 I saw a ship, lit a flare and thought I'd been seen – but it just went right on by. Every morning came with a bit of hope, but by each afternoon I was in despair. I did see a handful of ships, but none of them saw me. After a month at sea, I'd drifted right through the shipping lanes. As I moved into tropical waters, it became hotter and the dehydration unbearable. One of the worst parts of being adrift for so long was the physical discomfort, the salt-water sores on my skin, the hunger and constant thirst. By day 50, I'd been struggling for 10 days to keep the raft afloat with a pump after part of it ripped. I was at my lowest. I broke down and gave up. But then I got scared by the thought I would be dead in a few hours; I found a way to fix the raft and it felt like the biggest victory of my life. The next phase was just hanging on to life, really, looking at my watch, watching the minutes drag by. In the last few days, the solar stills packed up and I figured this must be the end. I had three cans of water left. My body and mind were shutting down; it was as if I could feel all the people who had ever been lost at sea around me. I had no more to give. Soon after, I was spotted by some fishermen off Guadeloupe after they'd seen birds hovering over the raft. The fish guts that I had thrown back into the sea had attracted both seabirds and fish, and a whole eco-system had sprung up around my raft. By the time the fishermen reached me, I had lost a third of my body weight [more than 40 lbs], and it was six weeks before I could walk properly again. I still don't regret my 76 days alone in the raft. [Even during the ordeal he was able to find things to appreciate and be grateful for, as shown by one entry in the log he kept while he was adrift, 'My plight has given me a strange kind of wealth, the most important kind. I value each moment that is not spent in pain, desperation, hunger, thirst or loneliness.'] To this day I feel enlightened by what I went through because it changed me for the better. But would I want to be adrift in the ocean again? No way. [After recovering Callahan devoted himself to inventing better life-rafts and became a leading expert on shipwrecks and survival training while at sea.]" - Steven Callahan (as told to Mike Peake)
Refer Steven Callahan’s book, ‘Adrift: Seventy-six Days Lost at Sea’. [ ]
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[Quote No.54423] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting despite extreme physical challenges and life-threatening dangers and fears to eventually achieve survival success:] - ‘The Greatest Escape - war hero who walked 4,000 miles from Siberian death camp’ - Told for the first time the incredible story of Witold Glinski's escape from the Russians across the Gobi desert and through the Himalayas to freedom in India... a journey that took him 11 months. It was an epic feat of courage and strength. A triumph of human spirit over tyranny. Witold Glinski is the last survivor of World War Two’s greatest escape... 4,000 miles to freedom... all the way from a Siberian prison camp to India. He trekked through frozen forests, over mountains and across deserts on a journey that took 11 months. Seven men were in the break-out, in February 1941. Only four reached safety, at a British base over the Indian border, the following January. And Witold, 84, has now emerged to recall their astonishing story. ‘It’s time to tell the truth,’ he says. ‘It’s time people knew.’ Witold has waited more than 50 years for this moment. In 1956, a book called The Long Walk claimed to tell how seven prisoners escaped from a labour camp in Siberia… and walked to India. It was every bit Witold’s story and became an international bestseller, but the man who claimed to have made the epic journey was Slavomir Rawicz, a former Polish officer. After Rawicz died in 2006, a BBC radio documentary uncovered proof that he was a fake – military records showed that he was serving in Persia (now Iran) at the time of the escape. The likeliest explanation is that Rawicz read Witold’s genuine account of the escape, in official papers that he found in the Polish Embassy in London during the war. Witold knew his story had been stolen. But he never protested because he wanted to forget the war and concentrate on his new life. Then, by chance, writer John Dyson heard of Witold, a former construction worker who had retired to a Cornish bungalow [in Britain], and persuaded him to revisit his past. Even Joyce, his wife of 59 years, had never heard the whole account. But gradually he retraced the Long Walk, in harrowing detail... How he endured the deep freeze of a Siberian winter, the thin air of the Himalayas and the stifling heat of the Gobi desert, learned to live off the land, battled against disease and avoided hostile tribes of nomads in China and Mongolia, to reach sanctuary. Witold was a teenager living in the Polish border town of Glabokia when he was arrested with his family by the invading Russians – at the time, in 1939, allies of Hitler. Separated from his parents, he was taken to Moscow’s notorious Lubianka Prison and, aged just 17, condemned to 25 years hard labour, one among a million-and-a-half Poles sent to Siberia. It might as well have been a death sentence. So, he could either wait to die, or try to get away. Witold began plotting his escape as soon as he arrived, shackled in chains. He volunteered to work as a lumberjack, and secretly carved signs on the trees, pointing the way to the south, and the free world. Then he was befriended by the camp commandant’s wife. ‘She asked me to fix her radio,’ he remembers. ‘She rewarded me with sweet tea and a slice of bread. But the best thing was that, above a desk, there was a map of Asia.’ Already a daring plan was forming as he tried desperately to memorize the details. But commandant’s wife Maria Uszakof – even after all these years he remembers her name – read his mind. ‘She told me, ‘You’ll need good clothes and sensible shoes.’ She gave me a parcel of dried meat, new shoes, hand-knitted socks and long underwear.’ At midnight, with a savage blizzard howling around the camp, carrying a haversack that was a blanket tied at the corners, he tunnelled under the wire. But when he made it through he turned to find six men had silently followed him. ‘They were coming out of nowhere, like cockroaches in a bakery,’ Witold says. ‘I told them, we’ll walk for 20 hours a day, is that agreed? If they didn’t like it, they could sit down and wait for the Russians. ‘The weather was too bad for patrols to operate, no animal or human would stick a nose out of the door, so this was our only chance. Our immediate aim was to get out of Russia. The border was 1,600 miles away. I pointed south – ‘That way!’’ The walkers set up a pattern; one man in front, forming a trail through the forest, two at the back sweeping over the footprints with pine branches. He never discovered much about his comrades. They dared not trust one another. Their relationship was built on silent suspicion, not conversation. Smith was a mysterious American who had been working as an engineer in Moscow when he was arrested. Batko was Ukrainian, wanted for murder in his homeland, muscular and fiercely determined. Zaro was a café owner from Yugoslavia, and the others were Polish soldiers. They would have to rely on one another as their struggle to survive got tougher. Witold took charge. Growing up in the country, he had learned which plants and fungi were edible and how to cook them, how to hunt fish and trap animals. Once they found a deer trapped in a ravine. They feasted on it for days afterwards and used pieces of the hide to bind up their thick felt prison boots. Days before they reached the border with China, they had an encounter which is still vivid in Witold’s memory. On the path was 18-year-old Kristina Polansk, a terrified young Polish girl who had fled barefoot through the forest from the Russians, who had killed her family and tried to rape her. ‘She was very lonely and distressed and when I inspected her foot I knew straight away she had gangrene,’ Witold says. ‘I didn’t want to be saddled with a sick girl, but what could we do? ‘I made moccasins for her with the rest of the deer skin, and we carried her on a stretcher of poles with dry grass. ‘But every day she got worse. Her leg turned black and the skin swelled and burst, it was terrible to watch.’ They crossed the Trans-Siberian Railway line, pushed on into Mongolia, and there Kristina became ravaged by fever. She shook each of the men’s hands, then closed her eyes and died. They buried her in a shallow trench and covered her body with stones. They wept, he remembered, but they didn’t say a prayer. Gradually fields and forests gave way to sand dunes and bare rocks, and the marchers came to their toughest test, sweltering in temperatures of 40ºC in daytime, freezing at night, and ravaged by dust storms. ‘We walked in the dark, and sheltered from the sun under our ragged clothes propped on sticks,’ Witold says. ‘Wolves and jackals would circle around us. ‘For water, we sucked frost from stones in the early morning, then turned them over and found moisture below. We got so thirsty we even sipped our own perspiration, and some drank their urine. ‘We were desperate. Every activity all day was a hunt for things to eat. There were lots of snakes, up to a metre long – each of us had a walking stick, so we used them as prongs. ‘You would stab the fork down to catch the snake, then cut off its head. It would continue to wriggle for hours. Then we cut a ring around the body and peeled off the skin, rubbing sand on our hands to get a better grip. ‘Next, you had to take out the spinal cord, carefully because it’s poisonous, chop the body into pieces and boil it. We couldn’t bring ourselves to eat snake, until finally we had to.’ The first to die were two of the Polish soldiers. Witold watched them deteriorate and recognised the signs of scurvy. ‘They walked more and more slowly, their legs swelled up and they could pull out teeth with their fingers,’ he says. ‘They died on the same day. By the time we had buried the first, the second was almost gone.’ The two men had always walked side by side. Now they were laid side by side in graves. As they moved through Tibet and the Himalayas, they helped out on farms in return for food and shelter. But in the climb, the next man perished – another of the Polish soldiers, who stood on a ledge that crumbled under him. In the final two weeks of their march, Witold had become ill and weak, and he can remember only snatches of images. Their shoes were still holding together, remarkably their tough prison trousers had survived, but the limping, bedraggled group were a strange sight. Witold’s blond hair had grown long and flowing, so he tied it up in buns during the heat of the day, and wrapped it around himself like a scarf at night. A local guide took them through the mountains, along paths so narrow they had to go sideways, to a pass that led down into the area that is now Bangladesh. Witold can recall a steep, dusty track, a military vehicle approaching, and then men in uniform, armed with fearsome-looking knives. ‘I thought to myself, ‘This is the end!’ Then I realised these men were well dressed, well disciplined, definitely not Russians.’ In fact they were Gurkhas, waiting with a very British welcome – a jug of tea and a plate of cucumber sandwiches. The Long Walk was over. The greatest escape was complete. It wasn’t the end of Witold’s war, though. When he came to Britain, he enlisted with the Polish forces, served at D-Day and was injured by shrapnel. Back in civilian life he met and married Joyce and became a construction worker, helping to build the M5 and M50 motorways. Then he retired to his bungalow, keeping his memories to himself. Until now." - Witold Glinski (as told to John Dyson)
[ ]
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[Quote No.54424] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting past criticism, disappointment, rejection, years of unrewarded effort, physical danger and the challenges of leadership to eventually achieve success, even if the success is a little different from what was originally imagined:] - 'Christopher Columbus' - We think the world has changed and that somehow the experiences of today's entrepreneurs are different than yesterday's. Is it really different? ...let's step back and take a look at Columbus through the eyes of today's entrepreneurs and start-ups. Columbus was an explorer and an adventurer, but today he would simply be called an entrepreneur.

Early Background:
Christopher Columbus was born around 1451 to a father, who worked in the textile industry, and was of small means. Today's Perspective: Christopher Columbus was not well-connected and he had to build his professional network to achieve his goals. Certainly funding was not to be found among family and friends of his early childhood.

Professional Background:
Columbus spent his youth sailing on small vessels. In one of his writings, Columbus claims to have gone to the sea at the age of 10. Yet, a contradictory statement by the admiral has him becoming a sailor at 14. In the early 1470s, he served on a ship associated with the failed attempt to conquer Naples. However, during the same years of 1470-1473 he can be found in the family weaving business. In 1476, he sailed on a convoy attacked by a privateer - two of the four ships escaped. His voyages continued into northern Europe. In 1479, Columbus settled in Portugal, where he worked with his brother as a mapmaker. Today's Perspective: Columbus had some experience in his industry. His resume was spotty. Nothing stands out or is remarkable at this point. Being part of some failed voyages was not optimal for asking investors for funding in later years.

Personal Background:
In 1478, he married a lady of some rank, Felipa Moniz de Perestrello, daughter of Bartholomew Perestrello, a captain in the service of Prince Henry the Navigator, and also cousin of the archbishop of Lisbon. Today's Perspective: Now here's some potential to get family and friends as investors, or at the very least, some introductions and connections to those institutional investors (monarchs) and the super angels (noblemen).

Identifying the Problem:
In 1453, the Ottoman Turks took over the land-based trade routes to Asia, which made travel through the region dangerous. Thus, the urgent need to discover a new sea route to reach India and China - vital sources of silk, spices and other products. Today's Perspective: The political winds changed, causing profits to be curtailed from a sole source supplier with no other geographic location able to provide suitable replacements. There we have it: customers desperately seeking a solution to an urgent problem. Surely they tried other solutions, but apparently none were adequate. And where there is profit, there is progress, and the greater the profit, the greater the progress. Here the investors were trying to solve a big problem.

The Product Concept:
How Columbus arrived at his idea is not known, and the details are disputed. It is said while working as a mapmaker, he came in contact with many mariners. There were books written about previous explorations to the east. He corresponded with some of the thought leaders of the day concerning his proposal. Today's Perspective: Columbus had a spark. He didn't take a half-baked idea directly to the investors. He spent some time researching it, discussing it with current day experts - the mariners that required maps, and corresponding with the thinkers of the day. He refined his proposal. Columbus' investment community was rather small. There were only a few that could afford to fund him, likewise there simply aren't a huge number of venture capitalists today and word gets around quickly.

In 1485, Columbus presented his plans to the King of Portugal. He proposed the king provide three ships and grant Columbus one year to search for a route to Asia. The king submitted the proposal to his experts, who rejected it. In their opinion, Columbus' proposed route of 2,400 miles was far too short. Although the king's council was negative, the king favored Columbus' proposal. The king brought the proposal to the bishop of Ceuta, who suggested the plan be carried out in secret and without its author's knowledge. A ship was dispatched, but it returned shortly after beginning its voyage as the sailors lost heart and refused to venture far. Today's Perspective: It would be a miracle today if an unknown and unproven entrepreneur could secure major funding from the first investor meeting. The king did exactly what the venture capitalists and angel investors do today; they validate the technical aspects of the proposal through their network of experts in many fields. In Columbus' case, the experts weighed in with serious concerns about the technical merits of his proposal - and rightly so. Columbus' inexperience in sailing made him underestimate the circumference of the earth. As to the secret voyage, well ... that's when investors like the idea, but don't like the entrepreneur. It's when investors feel they want to appoint a more suitable management team. In Columbus' case, the investors didn't feel he would be adding much to the execution phase.

Investors' Motives:
In 1488, Columbus approached the King of Portugal once again and was rejected. Henry the Navigator had revived an old proposal for Portugal to pursue a sea route around the southern tip of Africa. In 1487, the Portuguese mariner Bartholomeu Dias set sail to round the Horn of Africa. Shortly after Columbus' second meeting, Dias successfully returned and Portugal was no longer interested in seeking a westward sea route to Asia. Today's Perspective: The investors liked Columbus' proposal, they tried it, but it didn't work. So they sought a solution elsewhere and chose to fund a solution that was proposed by a successful and proven mariner - Prince Henry the Navigator. The entrepreneur is never the only proposal being presented to the investor; there will be many. Once Portugal had solved its problem, it was time to seek funding elsewhere, perhaps with a competitor.

Persistence and Searching Harder for an Investor:
Columbus had difficulty finding funding. His proposals were rejected by the various European monarchs. While presenting his proposal to the monarchs, he continued to meet with noblemen, seeking their advice and securing connections. Columbus persisted as the royal experts debated his proposal and subsequently denied its merits. Columbus often fell into deep despair. When he presented his proposal to Ferdinand and Isabella, it received the same rejection. One appraoch was poorly timed, as the Spanish were in the middle of a struggle that resulted in the conquest of the Granada Moors. However, the Spanish monarchs offered him an annual allowance and provided him food and lodging at no cost in all cities and towns under their control, just to keep him from taking his proposal to someone else. Queen Isabella rejected Columbus' plan three times before changing her mind. Columbus' terms - the position of Admiral, governorship for him and his descendants of discovered lands, and ten percent of the profits for all trips made by Spain to the new lands, for all time. Finally in 1492, the monarchs approved his proposal. In August, his expedition departed and arrived in America on October 12. Columbus stumbled upon America. He returned the next year and presented his findings to the monarchs, and Spain entered a Golden Age. Today's Perspective: Persistence matters a great deal in the start-up game. Unless you've got a spectacular track record, funding won't happen quickly - not in a week, not in a month. Entrepreneurs have to persist for some time and there will be those times when the entrepreneurs wonder why they are doing it. Cisco was rejected by 77 VC's before securing funding and it was near a 1,000 rejections for Colonel Sanders of KFC. It takes a strong ego to survive that much rejection. Timing is everything in capital markets. If the entrepreneur is seeking any kind of outside funding, it is all somehow connected to the capital markets. In Columbus' case, it was the struggles between countries. The Spanish monarchs essentially put a no-shopping gag on Columbus - they paid him not to take his proposal elsewhere. This is green-mail. Once Portugal had a sea route around the Horn of Africa, Ferdinand and Isabella had to find a route to the East in order to keep their competitor from grabbing the lion share of the market. Hence, their sudden interest in Columbus and willingness to accept his terms. In today's terms, Columbus demanded to be CEO and locked in a succession plan for his children to be appointed CEO, he and his family were to receive 10% of corporate profits forever - equity was out of the question, but salary and profit sharing seemed acceptable to the monarchs. To have demanded those terms for the monarchs, Columbus must have been quite an ambitious man. Imagine the response a first-time entrepreneur, with no track record of success, would get from a VC today with those terms. The world is not so different today than 500 years ago. Technology advances as we further the improvements of previous generations, but how people behave and react has not changed at all.

" - Cynthia Kocialski
Cynthia Kocialski has founded three companies and has been actively involved in more than 25 hi-tech start-up. Cynthia has held various technical, marketing and management positions at IBM and Matrox Electronics. She is a graduate of the University of Rochester and the University of Virginia. She writes a blog at [Refer ]
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[Quote No.54426] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting despite extreme physical challenges and life-threatening dangers and fears to eventually achieve survival success:]

- ‘Apollo 13’ -

It was the thirteenth scheduled lunar space exploration mission, scheduled for liftoff at the thirteenth minute after the thirteenth hour. The Lunar landing was scheduled for the thirteenth day of the month. All it lacked was a Friday to be a paraskevidekatriaphobe’s worst nightmare. Unfortunately, no one at NASA was superstitious. Or, perhaps, fortunately. If anyone had stopped or made changes to the schedule of Apollo 13, the world may have missed one of the greatest adventures in space exploration history.

Problems Began Before Launch:
Apollo 13, the third planned Lunar-landing mission, was scheduled for launch on April 11, 1970. There were problems even before the launch. Just days before, Astronaut Thomas K. Mattingly was replaced by Jack Swigert when it was learned he may have been exposed to German measles, and did not have the antibodies necessary to be immune (Mattingly never contracted the disease.). Shortly before launch, a technician noticed a higher pressure on a helium tank than expected. Nothing was done about it besides keeping a close watch. A vent for liquid oxygen would not close at first and required several recyclings before it would shut. The launch, itself, went according to plan, if an hour late. Shortly afterward, though, the center engine of the second stage cut off more than two minutes early. In order to compensate, controllers burned the other four engines an additional 34. Also the third stage engine was fired for an extra 9 seconds during its orbital insertion burn. Fortunately, this all resulted in a mere 1.2 feet per second greater speed than planned.

Smooth Flight - No One Watching:
The first part of the flight went fairly smooth. As Apollo 13 entered the Lunar corridor, the Command Service Module separated from the third stage and maneuvered around to extract the Lunar Module. Once this was completed, the third stage was driven on a collision course with the moon. This was done as an experiment and the resultant impact was to be measured by equipment left behind by Apollo 12. The Command Service and Lunar Modules were then on ‘free return’ trajectory, which, in the case of complete engine loss, would slingshot them around the moon and on course back to Earth. The evening of April 13 (EST), the crew of Apollo 13 had just finished a television broadcast explaining their mission and about life aboard the ship. Commander Jim Lovell closed the broadcast with this message, ‘This is the crew of Apollo 13. Wish everybody there a nice evening and a, we're just about to close out our inspection of Aquarius and get back to a pleasant evening in Odyssey. Goodnight.’ Unknown to the astronauts, the television networks had decided that traveling to the moon was such a routine occurrence; none of this was broadcast over the air. No one was watching, though soon the entire world would be hanging on their every word.

Routine Task Goes Awry:
After completing the broadcast, flight control sent another message, ‘13, we got one more item for you when you get a chance. We'd like you to err, stir up your cryo tanks. In addition err, have a shaft and trunnion, for a look at the comet Bennett if you need it.’ Astronaut Jack Swigert replied, ‘OK, stand by.’ Moments later, the technicians in flight control heard a disturbing message from Apollo 13. Jack Swigert said, ‘OK Houston, we've had a problem here.’ It was three days into the mission of Apollo 13; the date was April 13th, when the mission changed from a routine flight into a race for survival. The technicians in Houston had also noticed unusual readings on their instruments and were starting to talk amongst themselves and to the crew of Apollo 13. Suddenly, Jim Lovell’s calm voice broke though the hubbub. ‘Ahh, Houston, we've had a problem. We've had a main B bus undervolt.’

This Is No Joke:
Immediately after attempting to follow Houston Flight Control’s last order to stir the cryo tanks, Astronaut Jack Swigert heard a loud bang and felt a shudder throughout the ship. Command module pilot, Fred Haise, who was still down in Aquarius after the television broadcast, and mission commander, Jim Lovell, who was in between, gathering cables up, both heard the sound, but at first thought it was a standard joke previously played by Fred Haise. It was no joke. Seeing the expression on Jack Swigert’s face, Jim Lovell knew immediately that there was a real problem and hurried into the CSM to join his Lunar module pilot. Things did not look good. Alarms were going off as voltage levels of the main power supplies were dropping rapidly. If power was completely lost, the ship had a battery backup, which would last for about ten hours. Apollo 13, unfortunately, was 87 hours from home. Looking out a port, the astronauts saw something, which gave them another concern. ‘You know, that's, that's a significant G&C. It looks to me looking out the ahh, hatch that we are venting something.’ A pause… ‘We are, we are venting something out the, into the ahh, into space.’

From Lost Landing to Struggle for Life:
A momentary hush fell over the Flight Control Center in Houston as the new information sank in. Then, a flurry of activity began, as the technicians all conferred, and other experts were called in. Everyone knew that time was critical. As several suggestions for correcting the dropping voltage were raised and tried unsuccessfully, it quickly became apparent that the electrical system could not be saved. Commander Jim Lovell’s concern was continuing to rise. ‘It went from 'I wonder what this is gonna to do to the landing.' to 'I wonder if we can get back home again.'‘ The technicians in Houston were having the same concerns. The call was made that the only chance they had of saving the crew of Apollo 13 was to shut down the CM entirely to save their batteries for reentry. This would require the use of Aquarius, the lunar module as a lifeboat. A module equipped for two men for two days would have to sustain three men for four. The men quickly powered down all the systems inside Odyssey and scrambled down the tunnel and into Aquarius. The crew of Apollo 13; Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, and Jack Swigert all hoped it would be their lifeboat and not their tomb. There were two components to the problem; first, getting the ship and crew on the fastest route home and second, conserving consumables, power, oxygen, and water. However, sometimes one component interfered with the other.

Conserving Resources; Preserving Life:
As an example, the guidance platform needed to be aligned. (The venting substance had played havoc with the ships attitude.) However, powering up the guidance platform was a heavy drain on their limited power supply. The conservation of consumables had already begun with the shutting down of the Apollo 13 CM. For most of the rest of the flight, it would only be used as a bedroom. Later, they powered down all of the systems in the LM except those required for life support, communications, and environmental control. Next, using precious power they could not afford to waste, the guidance platform was powered up and aligned. Mission control ordered an engine burn that added 38 feet per second to their velocity and return them to a free-return trajectory. Normally this would be a fairly simple procedure. Not this time, however. The descent engines on the LM were to be used instead of the CM’s SPS and the center of gravity had changed completely. At this point in time, had they done nothing, their trajectory would have returned them to Earth approximately 153 hours after launch. A quick calculation of consumables gave them less than an hour of consumables to spare. This margin was far too close for comfort. After a great deal of calculating and simulating at Mission Control here on Earth, it was determined that the Lunar Module’s engines could handle the required burn. So, the descent engines were fired sufficiently to boost their speed up another 860 fps, thus cutting their flight time to 143 hours.

Chilling Out Aboard Apollo 13:
One of the worst problems for the crew during that return flight was the cold. Without power in the CM, there were no heaters to maintain cabin temperatures. The temperature in the CM dropped to around 38 degrees F and the crew stopped using it for their sleep breaks. Instead, they jury-rigged beds in the warmer LM, though warmer is a relative term. The cold kept the crew from resting well and Mission Control became concerned that the resulting fatigue could keep them from functioning properly. Another concern was their oxygen supply. As the crew breathed normally, they would exhale carbon dioxide. Normally, oxygen-scrubbing apparatus would cleanse the air, but the system in Aquarius wasn’t designed for this load, there was an insufficient number of filters for the system. To make it worse, the filters for the system in Odyssey were of a different design and not interchangeable. The experts at NASA, employees and contractors, engineered a makeshift adapter from materials the astronauts had on hand to allow them to be used, thus lowering the CO2 levels to acceptable limits. Finally, Apollo 13 rounded the Moon and began its journey home to Earth. However, the crew’s troubles were not over. The crew of Apollo 13 had survived some type of explosion which resulted in lost power capabilities and loss of oxygen. With the help of experts on Earth, they had moved aboard the Lunar Module, corrected their trajectory, survived the cold and a buildup of CO2, and shortened the trip home. Now, they had a few more hurdles to overcome before they could see their families again.

A Simple Procedure Complicated:
Their new re-entry procedure required two more course corrections. One would align the spacecraft more towards the center of the re-entry corridor, while the other would fine tune the angle of entry. This angle had to be between 5.5 and 7.5 degrees. Too shallow and they would skip across the atmosphere and back into space, like a pebble skimmed across a lake. Too steep, and they would burn up on re-entry. They could not afford to power up the guidance platform again and burn up their precious remaining power. They would have to determine the attitude of the ship manually. For experienced pilots, this would normally not be an impossible job, it would just be a matter of taking star sights. The problem now, though, came from the cause of their troubles. Ever since the initial explosion, the craft had been surrounded by a cloud of debris, glittering in the sun, and preventing such a sighting. The ground opted to use a technique worked out during Apollo 8, in which the Earth’s terminator and the sun would be used. ‘Because it was a manual burn, we had a three-man operation. Jack would take care of the time,’ according to Lovell. ‘He'd tell us when to light off the engine and when to stop it. Fred handled the pitch maneuver and I handled the roll maneuver and pushed the buttons to start and stop the engine.’ The engine burn was successful, correcting their re-entry angle to 6.49 degrees.

A Real Mess:
Four and a half hours prior to re-entry, the Apollo 13 crew jettisoned the damaged Service Module . As it slowly receded from their view, they were able to make out some of the damage. They relayed to Houston what they saw. ‘And there's one whole side of that spacecraft missin'. A whole panel has blown out. Almost from the base to the engine. Its really a mess.’ Later investigaion said the cause of the explosion was exposed electrical wiring. When Jack Swigert flipped the switch to stir the cryo tanks, the power fans were turned on within the tank. The exposed fan wires shorted and the teflon insulation caught fire. This fire spread along the wires to the electrical conduit in the side of the tank, which weakened and ruptured under the nominal 1000 psi pressure within the tank, causing the no. 2 oxygen tank to explode. This damaged the no. 1 tank and parts of the interior of the service module and blew off the bay no. 4 cover. Two and a half hours before re-entry, using a set of special power-up procedures relayed to them by Mission Control in Houston, the Apollo 13 crew brought the CM back to life. As the systems came back on, everyone aboard, in Mission Control, and around the world breathed a sigh of relief.

An hour later, their Lunar Module lifeboat was also jettisoned. Mission Control radioed, ‘Farewell, Aquarius, and we thank you.’ Jim Lovell later said of her, ‘She was a good ship.’ The Apollo 13 Command Module, carrying its crew of Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, and Jack Swigert splashed down in the South Pacific on April 17 at 1:07PM (EST), 142 hours and 54 minutes after launch. It came down within sight of the recovery ship, the USS Iwo Jima, who had the crew aboard within 45 minutes. The crew of Apollo 13 had returned to Earth safely, completing one of the most exciting adventures in the history of space exploration.

" - Nick Greene
Space and astronomy expert. [Refer ]
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[Quote No.54428] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting past difficulties, even life-challenging health problems, till achieve success:]

'Babe Didrikson Zaharias' -
Babe Didrikson Zaharias (1911–1956) was named ‘Woman Athlete of the Half Century’ in 1950 for her skills in basketball, track & field and golf.

Mildred Didrikson Zaharias was born June 26, 1911, and earned her nickname ‘Babe’ by hitting five homeruns in one childhood baseball game. At the 1932 Olympics, she won medals in the hurdles, javelin throw and high jump. By the 1940s, she was the greatest woman golfer of all time. The Associated Press declared Babe Zaharias to be the ‘Woman Athlete of the Half Century’ in 1950.

Early Life:
Athlete and Olympic champion Babe Didrikson Zaharias was born Mildred Ella Zaharias on June 26, 1911, in Port Arthur, Texas, the daughter of Ole Didrikson and Hannah Marie Olsen. Her father and mother were from Norway, where her mother had been an outstanding skier and skater. Her father was a ship's carpenter and cabinetmaker. The family, who spelled their name Didriksen, moved to Beaumont, Texas, when Mildred was 3. Times were often difficult for the large Didrikson family, and as an adolescent Mildred worked at many part-time jobs, including sewing gunny sacks at a penny a sack. Her father, a firm believer in physical conditioning, built a weight-lifting apparatus out of a broomstick and some old flatirons. Mildred, called ‘Baby’ in her early years, was always competitive, interested in sports, and eager to play boys' games with her brothers. After hitting five home runs in one baseball game, ‘Baby’ became ‘Babe’ (Babe Ruth was then in his heyday), a nickname that remained with her for the rest of her life.

Excelling in Different Sports:
At the age of 15, Babe was the high-scoring forward on the girls' basketball team at Beaumont Senior High School. She attracted the attention of Melvin J. McCombs, coach of one of the best girls' basketball teams in the nation. In February 1930, McCombs secured a job for her with the Employers Casualty Company of Dallas, and she was soon a star player on its Golden Cyclones. She returned to Beaumont in June to graduate with her high school class. The Golden Cyclones won the national championship the next three years, and she was All-American forward for two of those years. Didrikson soon turned her attention to track and field. At the National Women's AAU Track Meet in 1931, she won first place in eight events and was second in a ninth. In 1932, with much more interest in the meet because of the approaching Olympics, she captured the championship, scoring 30 points; the Illinois Women's Athletic Club, which entered a team of 22 women, placed second with 22 points. Babe then went to the Olympics.

Olympic Record Breaker:
Women were allowed to enter only three events, but she broke four world records; she won the javelin throw, with 143 feet, 4 inches, and won the 80-meter hurdles, twice breaking the previous world record (her best time was 11.7 seconds). She made a world record high jump, but the jump was disallowed and she was awarded second place. The noted sports writer Paul Gallico remarked, ‘On every count, accomplishment, temperament, personality, and color, she belongs to the ranks of those story-book champions of our age of innocence.’ Gallico also referred to her as ‘the most talented athlete, male or female, ever developed in our country.’

Golf Champion:
Didrikson began playing golf in 1931 or 1932. According to Gallico, in 1932, in her 11th game of golf, she drove 260 yards from the first tee and played the second nine in 43. She herself stated that she entered her first golf tournament in the fall of 1934. Although she did not win, she captured the qualifying round with a 77. In April 1935, in the Texas State Women's Championship, she carded a birdie on the par-5 31st hole, to win the tournament two-up. In the summer of 1935 she was declared a professional because of an unauthorized endorsement. She accepted the decision and for several years traveled about the country giving golf exhibitions. She also appeared on the vaudeville circuit with a number of different acts. She was the only woman on the Babe Didrikson All-American basketball team and played a few games with the House of David baseball team. It was during these years that she pitched an inning for the St. Louis Cardinals in an exhibition game with the Philadelphia Athletics. She excelled at almost everything she tried: when only 16 she won a prize for a dress that she had made, at the Texas State Fair; she could type 86 words a minute; she could throw a baseball from deep center field to home plate—once a throw of hers was measured at over 300 feet. In January 1938, Didrikson met George Zaharias, a professional wrestler often billed as ‘The Crying Greek from Cripple Creek,’ at the Los Angeles Open. She was attracted to this hulk of a man who could drive a golf ball farther than she. On December 23, 1938, they were married. They had no children. Urged by her husband, she applied for reinstatement as an amateur golfer in 1941 and was reinstated in January 1943. Utilizing her tremendous powers of concentration, her almost unlimited self-confidence and her patience, she began to take up golf seriously. She would drive as many as 1,000 balls a day, take lessons for five or six hours, and play until her hands were blistered and bleeding. In 1947, Zaharias became the first American woman to win the British Ladies' Amateur Championship, at Gullane, Scotland. On one hole she stroked a drive so far that a spectator whispered, ‘She must be Superman's sister.’ That August she announced that she was turning professional. For the next six years she dominated women's golf.

Zaharias had a cancer operation in April 1953, and it was feared she would never be able to return to competition. Three and a half months later, though, she played in competition. The next year she won the United States Women's Open by twelve strokes. In 1955 she had a second cancer operation. She died in Galveston, Texas. In the last months of her life she and her husband established the Babe Didrikson Zaharias Fund to support cancer clinics and treatment centers. Zaharias was the greatest woman golfer of all time, the winner of seventeen successive golf tournaments in 1946-1947, and of 82 tournaments between 1933 and 1953. The Associated Press voted her ‘Woman of the Year’ in 1936, 1945, 1947, 1950, and 1954. In 1950 the AP acclaimed her the ‘Woman Athlete of the Half Century.’ The skinny, shingle-headed teenager, a shy and socially immature girl who could win at sports but usually antagonized her fellow competitors, became a poised, well-dressed, graceful and popular champion—the darling of the galleries—whose drives whistled down the fairways and whose comments won the hearts of the spectators. Paul Gallico paid perhaps the finest tribute to her: ‘Much has been made of Babe Didrikson's natural aptitude for sports, as well as her competitive spirit and indomitable will to win. But not enough has been said about the patience and strength of character expressed in her willingness to practice endlessly, and her recognition that she could reach the top and stay there only by incessant hard work.’

" - Unknown
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[Quote No.54429] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting past difficulties, even life-challenging health problems, to achieve success:]

- Steve Jobs: The Return, 1997-2011 - Steve Jobs was not accustomed to boos, but there he was, on stage at the airy and decrepit Park Plaza Castle auditorium in Boston, absorbing a crescendo of unhappiness. It was 1997, the year Jobs replaced Gil Amelio and declared himself ‘interim CEO’ of Apple (AAPL), saying he was too busy with Pixar and family to take over permanently. At the annual Macworld Expo that August, Jobs told the long-suffering Apple faithful that there was still hope for the computer company but that it would first have to put aside its all-too-consuming fixation with its dominant rival, Microsoft (MSFT). ‘We are shepherding some of the great assets in the computer industry. If we want to move forward and see Apple healthy and prospering again, we have to let go of a few things,’ said Jobs, dressed in his trademark outfit of that era, a sweater vest and pleated slacks. Microsoft, he announced, was investing $150 million in Apple and making a promise to develop Microsoft Office software for the Macintosh for the next five years. Bill Gates popped up on a 100-foot screen, appearing pedantic and flaccid in contrast to Jobs’s swagger. ‘The era of setting this up as a competition between Apple and Microsoft is over as far as I’m concerned,’ Jobs said after Gates’s brief and awkward speech, trying to quell the disappointed audience, some of whom appeared to be in tears. The détente forged on that August day was, in retrospect, a cold calculation by Jobs that Apple did not need to win the old battle for the PC in order to prevail in a dawning war for digital media devices and the Internet. It was also the first bit of evidence that despite his professed ambivalence, Jobs was fully committing himself to an Apple turnaround. Colin Crawford, who ran Macworld in the 1990s along with publications such as MacWEEK, recalls asking Jobs back then why he wanted to return to the company he had founded. ‘He sort of looked at me quizzically and said that his and Apple’s DNA were completely intertwined,’ Crawford says. ‘He said that Apple’s brand was badly tarnished and that he intended to repolish it.’ It’s difficult to remember how far Apple had fallen. Just a few months away from bankruptcy, the company had a dwindling 4 percent share of the PC market and annual losses exceeding $1 billion. Three CEOs had come and gone in a decade; board members had tried to sell the company but found no takers. Two months after Apple’s deal with Microsoft, Michael Dell told a tech industry symposium that if he ran Apple, he’d ‘shut it down and give the money back to shareholders.’ Lucky for the shareholders that Jobs and not Dell (DELL) was at Apple’s helm. Apple’s market capitalization went from $3 billion at the start of 1997 [footnote 1] to $350 billion today—more than the valuation of Microsoft and Dell combined—making it the second most valuable company in the world. A single share, worth a little over $4 the day Dell spoke, is now worth nearly 100 times that. Much would be written about how Apple forever changed the way people communicate, entertain themselves, even the way they absorb information. Here’s a simpler way to sum up Apple’s influence, in four words: iMac, iPod, iPhone, iPad. Jobs recognized that an industry dominated by Microsoft and Intel would not adapt smoothly in the era of personal media and communication devices. Those companies could not move quickly while in lockstep with their multiple partners in hardware and retail, and Jobs bet that they would not innovate rapidly or radically enough, since their profits relied on the preservation of an old regime. He also understood that in the fluid and rapidly evolving technology business—where new technologies are constantly disrupting the established winners—there was a chance to reshuffle the deck in his favor. What Apple removed from technology products, Jobs liked to say, was just as important as what it added. He banished elements like separate numerical keypads, floppy disk drives, and computer mice with two buttons. With the help of Apple’s chief designer, a Brit named Jonathan Ive [footnote 2], he ushered in candy colors, gleaming metals with rounded edges, and cone-shaped Wi-Fi base stations. Apple’s commitment to industrial design was infectious. ‘His legacy of making design a strategic tool cannot be underestimated,’ says Robert Brunner, a former Apple designer and now the CEO of the firm Ammunition Group. ‘Company after company comes in the door here, and in every conversation Apple is discussed. They want to do it like Apple. Steve raised the bar not just for the industry but for the world.’ Cool products demanded cool pitches. When Jobs rejoined Apple, it had more than a dozen ad agencies. He fired them all except Chiat/Day, which had created Apple’s famous ‘Big Brother’ commercial for the 1984 Super Bowl. The 1997 ‘Think Different’ campaign riffed with grammatical apathy off an old IBM slogan, ‘Think.’ Jobs himself selected the famous figures who appeared in the ads, including Albert Einstein, Martin Luther King Jr., Frank Lloyd Wright, John Lennon, and his personal hero, Bob Dylan. He also briefly considered recording the voice-over himself (‘Here’s to the crazy ones. The misfits. The rebels…’) before yielding to actor Richard Dreyfuss. For Jobs it was a deeply personal effort and a way to remind Apple’s employees, its customers, and perhaps himself what the company stood for. ‘You can’t talk about profit, you have to talk about emotional experiences,’ he explained. Jobs said this at a time when other PC firms believed computer buyers wanted boxy beige towers that sat under desks and connected to separate displays on top. Acting on instinct, Jobs bet that the new, more mainstream wave of PC buyers could be attracted to something else. So along came the iMac [footnote 3], a heavy, bulbous, all-in-one computer whose translucent casing came in five flashy colors. Reporters and consumers loved the iMac [footnote 4], and by 2000 Apple’s finances had recovered. ‘We’re in such a unique position,’ Jobs told BusinessWeek that year, extolling the benefits of controlling both the hardware and software elements of the personal computer. ‘If we do our jobs right, no one else should be able to do what we can do. We should be in an incredible place as this convergence of computing and communications explodes in the next few years. I think it’s ours to lose.’ Not every battle was won. The Power Mac G4 Cube—a minimalist, miniaturized computer, encased in plastic with no display, keyboard, or mouse—flopped. But the Cube showed how to join ever increasing processing power with an aesthetic of clean surfaces and ease of use, a marriage that turned out much happier for the iPod, the cigarette-pack-size digital music player made of white polycarbonate introduced in October 2001. There were other MP3 players on the market, most of them smaller and cheaper. Even at an original price of $399, the visual distinctiveness of the iPod and the way it worked seamlessly with its iTunes music service, made it not just a cool product but an object of desire. The iPod helped to propagate and commercialize the revolution in digital media first fomented by Internet file-sharing services such as Napster. To Jobs, though, it was also something else: the answer to Apple’s existential crisis. In a world dominated by Microsoft, where did Apple fit? It turned out that a company’s design talents, software prowess, and ability to exploit cheap but high-quality manufacturing in Asia could produce gorgeous and accessible consumer electronics. ‘If there was ever a product that catalyzed Apple’s reason for being, it’s this,’ Jobs said in the book The Perfect Thing by Steven Levy. ‘Because it combines Apple’s incredible technology base with Apple’s legendary ease of use with Apple’s awesome design. Those things come together and it’s like, that’s what we do. So if anybody is ever wondering, why is Apple on the Earth, I would hold this up as a good example.’ He called what happened next the ‘iPod halo effect.’ Millions of people bought iPods and entered the Apple tent for the first time. They became more willing to consider an iMac, or to walk into one of Apple’s proliferating stores—a go-it-alone retail strategy that Jobs unveiled in 2001 with the help of a former Target (TGT) executive named Ron Johnson. Most pundits (including some at BusinessWeek) thought the stores were foolhardy. The move alienated existing Mac dealers and seemed like a lavish waste of resources to showcase a limited product line. But it allowed the company to preside over its own sales pitch and establish customer service hubs (brilliantly called Genius Bars) at a time when all these new customers needed their hands held as they waded into the digital waters. Apple would not have been so insanely successful if Jobs also did not have a thick streak of the enforcer in him. The music labels succumbed, offering their songs for 99¢ over iTunes and, it turns out, cannibalizing their sales of albums, the most profitable part of their business. Then Jobs hammered away at the television networks and movie studios, adding TV shows and then movies to iTunes in 2006. His sense of entitlement was tested when federal regulators looked into Apple’s questionable backdating of options to top executives, which had increased the value of stock grants. Jobs would rail privately to journalists that he had done nothing wrong. The Securities and Exchange Commission ultimately charged two former executives of the company, and Apple promptly settled. ‘Jobs was one of these CEOs who ran the company like he wanted to. He believed he knew more about it than anyone else, and he probably did,’ said Arthur Levitt, a former chairman of the SEC. ‘He’s among the best CEOs I’ve ever known, in spite of his irreverence, irascibility, and ego [footnote 5].’ There appeared a cloud in all this blue sky that would grow and darken. In a regularly scheduled Monday morning meeting in late 2003, Jobs gathered his management team into the fourth-floor boardroom in Building One of Apple’s headquarters in Cupertino and closed the door. Other executives also attended these meetings, but on this day, Jobs asked them not to come. He then invited everyone to move in closer, according to one participant, and told them that he had a rare but operable form of pancreatic cancer. ‘I’m going to need to lean on you guys for help,’ he said. Some executives cried. The following year, after he had tried out a special diet to beat the cancer, Jobs had surgery, and his illness was publicly announced. So began Jobs’s eight-year struggle, one that pitted a man’s desire to keep details of his illness private against a company’s duty to keep shareholders informed. Almost to the end, the man won out, with the company telling the public of developments long after they happened. It would be easy to explain this behavior as an arrogant desire to protect the stock price or an obsession with personal privacy. Above all else, though, Jobs was disciplined about what he revealed to customers and competitors. He likely thought news of his health was drawing attention away from his own finely crafted narrative for Apple. Colleagues say Jobs continued to work harder than ever, even after his illness worsened. In his commencement address to Stanford’s graduating class in 2005, he said the crisis had convinced him to place bolder bets. ‘Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life,’ he said. ‘Because almost everything—all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure—these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose.’ Improbably, his greatest triumphs were still ahead. After Apple had experimented for years with the idea of building its own cell phones and even operating its own wireless network, Jobs finally convinced AT&T (T) to subordinate its brand to Apple’s in exchange for exclusive rights to sell an Apple phone to U.S. buyers. ‘This is a day I’ve been looking forward to for two and a half years,’ Jobs said, introducing the iPhone in San Francisco in January 2007. ‘Every once in a while a revolutionary product comes along that changes everything.’ How boastful, how self-serving—and how right on the money. Apple exec Bud Tribble memorably dubbed Jobs’s charismatic ability to convince himself and others of almost anything ‘the reality distortion field.’ With the iPhone and so much else, the field won. The device’s large display and touchscreen, and its seamless connection to the App Store, which became home to thousands of innovative programs for mobile phones, would alter the topography of the industry and propel Apple into its golden age. By the end of 2010, Apple had sold 129 million iPhones, which accounted for about 40 percent of its revenue. And yet there was that cloud. After Bloomberg mistakenly released an unfinished draft of a Jobs obit in August 2008, Jobs joked publicly about his health, riffing off Mark Twain’s line that rumors of his death were greatly exaggerated. In January 2009, Jobs announced that a hormone imbalance was responsible for the noticeable drop in his weight and began a five-month medical leave, handing control of the company to Tim Cook, the chief operating officer. He told only a few colleagues and board members about the gravity of his condition. In March he underwent a liver transplant operation at Methodist University Hospital in Memphis, a fact not reported by the Wall Street Journal until two months later, after the markets had closed for the week. That spring, Apple board member Jerry York told the Journal that Jobs’s secrecy over the issue ‘disgusted him,’ and he believed that Apple should have been more open with shareholders about his condition. Jobs obviously disagreed. The man who wanted to control every element of Apple’s performance also wanted to control every detail about how his own situation was portrayed. At an event in San Francisco, he made an offhand quip to a CNBC reporter that Apple investors would like to see him gain weight. CNBC reported the remark on-air and on its website, which Jobs learned about just as another journalist entered a private room to interview him. ‘Fix it,’ he screamed to his public-relations chief, who scurried outside to demand that CNBC remove the report from the Web. (It did.) Despite his reputation for secrecy, Jobs had personal relationships with many members of the press and tried to dictate perceptions of the company. Apple, he liked to joke, was a ‘ship that leaked from the top,’ and calls to reporters to manipulate a story often seemed part of his nightly routine. ‘Hi, this is Steve Jobs,’ you could expect to hear when you picked up the phone. In one instance, Jobs called the editor of a news magazine to complain about a story that had been posted on its website, claiming the lead was inaccurate and off-the-record comments about a rival company had been included. Down came the story, and hours later back up went the fixed version. In early 2010 [footnote 6] a new rival was obsessing Jobs: Google (GOOG). Its CEO at the time, Eric Schmidt, had sat on Apple’s board for two years, and Jobs felt he had forged personal friendships with founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin, with whom he often took long walks. Now the search giant was challenging Apple in the mobile phone business with its Android operating system, which was powering a new wave of touchscreen handsets that mimicked the iPhone. Jobs did not see this as a case of two companies competing. He considered it a personal betrayal. Of course Jobs, like most artists, also borrowed liberally from the work of others. People credit him as an inventor akin to Edison, but his real genius was seizing upon existing concepts, simplifying and perfecting them, and then putting them forward at exactly the right moment. The iPad was perhaps the best example. Tablets running Microsoft software debuted in 2000 and went nowhere; they were really stripped-down PCs, complex and difficult to use. For years Apple’s marketing chief, Phil Schiller, and John Couch, its vice-president of education, wanted Apple to enter the tablet market, too, but Jobs never saw an approach he liked. The iPhone changed his mind. Its simplified operating system and multitouch technology, derived from a company called FingerWorks that Apple acquired in 2005, would be perfect for a tablet. The iPad was ready by late 2009. Apple gave a few key developers early access, but in typical fashion swore them to secrecy and chained the devices to desks in windowless rooms. They were really nothing like the old Microsoft tablets. ‘The real insight was not shrinking the Mac, but growing the iPhone,’ said Bob Borchers, a former senior director of marketing at Apple. The company introduced the device in January 2010 and sold more than 29 million tablets in the next year and a half. Apple’s new surge seemed to embolden him. He doubled down both on his go-it-alone vision and his efforts to control the Apple narrative in the press. The iPhone and iPad did not run websites that used Adobe’s flash video format because Jobs thought it performed poorly on mobile phones and drained the battery. Users were directed to use Apple-sold apps instead. When the iPhone 4 was released that summer and many users complained of losing their signal when they gripped its base, Jobs replied to one customer by e-mail and told him to ‘just avoid holding it that way.’ Apple later addressed the problem more sensitively by offering a software fix and by giving users a free case. Jobs could control everything but his health, and by the summer of 2011, his condition left him no choice but to step down. ‘I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple’s CEO, I would be the first to let you know. Unfortunately, that day has come,’ he said in a resignation letter on Aug. 24, handing over control of Apple to Tim Cook but retaining the title of executive chairman. ‘I look forward to watching and contributing to its success in a new role.’ In 15 years, Jobs had taken a floundering company that once seemed unlikely to grow past its painful adolescence and turned it into one of the most influential and valuable corporations in the world. He had changed culture, commerce, and the very relationship that people have with technology. The moving tributes that flowed in after his death—on Twitter and Facebook, at Apple Stores [footnote 7], and in statements from public leaders—spoke to his outsized impact. Rumors about Jobs’s health had been buzzing around Silicon Valley all year, but anyone who knew him and read that resignation letter understood the end was near. He had been so good at distorting reality, so good at bending everyone—competitors, consumers, the press, and especially himself—to see the world his way. By relinquishing control, Jobs acknowledged that he had finally met the one force he could not charm or bully or out-think: his own mortality.

1. Apple’s revenue in 1997: $7.1 billion
2. Jony Ive, hired by Apple in 1992, holds more than 300 patents.
3. The iMac was the first Apple product to use the ‘i’ prefix.
4. The early iMac color spectrum included lime, strawberry, blueberry, grape, and tangerine.
5. Steve Jobs’s annual salary since rejoining Apple in 1997: $1
6. Apple’s revenue in 2010: $65.2 billion
7. At the end of Q2, Apple had 327 stores worldwide. The company plans to open 40 more in fiscal 2011.

" - Brad Stone
Senior writer for ‘Bloomberg Businessweek’ in San Francisco. He is the author of ‘The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon’. October 06, 2011 [ ]
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[Quote No.54436] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Continuous effort – not strength or intelligence – is the key to unlocking our potential." - Sir Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister during World War II.
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[Quote No.54437] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting past difficulties, especially financial difficulties, to achieve success:] Samuel Johnson (1709-1784): He was an English writer and critic, and one of the most famous literary figures of the 18th century. His best-known work is his 'Dictionary of the English Language'. Samuel Johnson was born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, on 18 September 1709. His father was a bookseller. He was educated at Lichfield Grammar School and spent a brief period at Oxford University, but was forced to leave due to lack of money. Unable to find teaching work, he drifted into a writing career. In 1735, he married Elizabeth Porter, a widow more than 20 years his senior. In 1737, Johnson moved to London where he struggled to support himself through journalism, writing on a huge variety of subjects. He gradually acquired a literary reputation and in 1747 a syndicate of printers commissioned him to compile his 'Dictionary of the English Language'. The task took eight years, and Johnson employed six assistants, all of them working in his house off Fleet Street. The dictionary was published on 15 April 1755. It was not the first such dictionary, but was certainly the most important at that time. In Johnson's lifetime five further editions were published, and a sixth came out when he died. ... Johnson was continually short of money, despite the success of his dictionary. In 1762, his financial situation was alleviated when he was awarded a government pension. ... Johnson died on 13 December 1784 and is buried at Westminster Abbey." - Unknown
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[Quote No.54438] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story – with a message about persisting past difficulties, even health problems, to achieve success:] Comedian Eddie Izzard was dyslexic as a child and then left his accounting studies at university without finishing to pursue his passion to become comedian at 19. He persisted with relatively little recognition for 11 years until he found success at 30." - Unknown

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[Quote No.54440] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"[A true story - with a message about the power of focus and persistence, despite even severe health problems:] - 'The Power of Determination' - A true story about athlete Glenn Cunningham who was horribly burned in a schoolhouse fire at the age of 8. Doctors predicted he would never walk again. Determined to walk, Glenn would throw himself off his wheelchair and pull his body across the yard and along a fence. Twenty-two months later, he took his first steps and through sheer determination, learned to run despite the pain... The little country schoolhouse was heated by an old-fashioned, pot-bellied coal stove. A little boy had the job of coming to school early each day to start the fire and warm the room before his teacher and his classmates arrived. One morning they arrived to find the schoolhouse engulfed in flames. They dragged the unconscious little boy out of the flaming building more dead than alive. He had major burns over the lower half of his body and was taken to a nearby county hospital. From his bed the dreadfully burned, semi-conscious little boy faintly heard the doctor talking to his mother. The doctor told his mother that her son would surely die – which was for the best, really – for the terrible fire had devastated the lower half of his body. But the brave boy didn’t want to die. He made up his mind that he would survive. Somehow, to the amazement of the physician, he did survive. When the mortal danger was past, he again heard the doctor and his mother speaking quietly. The mother was told that since the fire had destroyed so much flesh in the lower part of his body, it would almost be better if he had died, since he was doomed to be a lifetime cripple with no use at all of his lower limbs. Once more the brave boy made up his mind. He would not be a cripple. He would walk. But unfortunately from the waist down, he had no motor ability. His thin legs just dangled there, all but lifeless. Ultimately he was released from the hospital. Every day his mother would massage his little legs, but there was no feeling, no control, nothing. Yet his determination that he would walk was as strong as ever. When he wasn’t in bed, he was confined to a wheelchair. One sunny day his mother wheeled him out into the yard to get some fresh air. This day, instead of sitting there, he threw himself from the chair. He pulled himself across the grass, dragging his legs behind him. He worked his way to the white picket fence bordering their lot. With great effort, he raised himself up on the fence. Then, stake by stake, he began dragging himself along the fence, resolved that he would walk. He started to do this every day until he wore a smooth path all around the yard beside the fence. There was nothing he wanted more than to develop life in those legs. Ultimately through his daily massages, his iron persistence and his resolute determination, he did develop the ability to stand up, then to walk haltingly, then to walk by himself – and then – to run. He began to walk to school, then to run to school, to run for the sheer joy of running. Later in college he made the track team. Still later in Madison Square Garden this young man who was not expected to survive, who would surely never walk, who could never hope to run – this determined young man, Dr. Glenn Cunningham, ran the world’s fastest mile! [On June 16, 1934, Glenn Cunningham ran the mile in 4:06.8 minutes, breaking the world’s record.

Life Summary:
◾8 years old, was horribly burned in a schoolhouse fire. Doctors predicted he would never walk again.
◾22 months later, took his first steps and through sheer determination, learned to run despite the pain.
◾In high school, set records for the mile and later attended Kansas University.
◾While at Kansas, refused all scholarship money, preferring to pay his own way.
◾By sophomore year, ran the 1,500 meter race at the 1932 Olympics, but finished fourth due to a severe cold.
◾By senior year, set a world record for the mile of 4:06.8 and held seven of the top 13 fastest recorded times for the mile.
◾In 1936, voted 'Most Popular Athlete' by his fellow athletes.
◾He went on to earn a master’s degree from University of Iowa and later a doctorate from New York University.
◾While in New York, won 21 of 31 races at Madison Square Gardens and set an indoor mile record there in 1938. His fastest mile time was 4:04.4 at a Dartmouth track meet in 1938.
◾When the 1940 Olympics were cancelled, he retired from his running career and taught at Cornell College in Iowa.
◾During World War II, he served two years in the Navy.
◾Spent the remainder of his life running the Glenn Cunningham Youth Ranch for troubled kids in Kansas, USA. It is estimated that he and his wife raised around 9,000 kids on their ranch in the years until his death in 1988.]

" - Burt Dubin
Developer of Speaking Success System. [Refer ]
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[Quote No.54442] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Maturity is many things. ... It means being able to resist the urge for immediate gratification and opt for the course of action that will pay off later. One of the characteristics of the young is 'I want it now.' Grown-up people can wait. Maturity is perseverance – the ability to sweat out a project or a situation, in spite of heavy opposition and discouraging setbacks, and stick with it until it is finished. " - Ann Landers

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[Quote No.54446] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"You're going to fall down, but the world doesn't care how many times you fall down, as long as it's one fewer than the number of times you get back up." - Aaron Sorkin
screenwriter and producer
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[Quote No.54447] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Nothing great in the world has been accomplished without passion [as it is necessary to both start and then persist past discouragement, disappointments, criticisms and failures till they achieve]." - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
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[Quote No.54458] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Every grain of experience is food for the greedy growing soul of the artist!" - Anthony Burgess

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[Quote No.54538] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"The pain passes but the beauty remains [-responding to Matisse on why he painted in spite of his painful arthritis]." - Pierre-Auguste Renoir
(1841-1919), artist
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[Quote No.54585] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"One should want only one thing and want it constantly. Then one is [almost] sure of getting it!" - Andre Gide

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[Quote No.54591] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"I think that the courage to confront [failure, discouragement, rejection] evil and turn it by dint of will into something applicable to the development of our evolution, individually and collectively, is exciting, honorable." - Maya Angelou
poet, memoirist, dramatist, actor, producer, filmmaker, and civil rights activist.
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[Quote No.54615] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"View Yourself As Patient: Our self-image creates us. This applies to the strengths we see in ourselves, as well as weaknesses and limitations. Patience is no exception. People who view themselves as 'impatient' will have many thousands of reinforcers over the years. For example, if someone became impatient just three times a day for five years, he will have 5,000 experiences of impatience! Focusing on these experiences will make it relatively easy to be impatient in the future. By viewing yourself as a person who is patient, you will find it easier to be patient whenever patience is called for. If you have been patient just three times a day for five years, you have 5,000 experiences of patience. Each new time you are patient adds to your self-image of being patient. Your foundation will continuously become stronger and stronger." - Rabbi Zelig Pliskin
From his book, 'Patience'.
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[Quote No.54647] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Where there is a will there is a way." - English proverb

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[Quote No.54649] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Grow wherever life puts you down." - Ben Okri

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[Quote No.54652] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Begin to free yourself at once by doing all that is possible with the means you have, and as you proceed in this spirit the way will open for you to do more." - Robert Collier

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[Quote No.54672] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"That which we persist in doing becomes easier, not that the task itself has become easier, but that our ability to perform it has improved." - Ralph Waldo Emerson

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[Quote No.54685] Need Area: Mind > Persist
"Many a man thinks he is patient when, in reality, he is indifferent. [To be patient when partial is a challenging act of imaginative focus and discipline.]" - B. C. Forbes

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